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Exercise and exerkine upregulation: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor as a potential non-pharmacological therapeutic strategy for Parkinson’s disease

VIRAAJ VISHNU PRASAD, JENNIFER SALLY SAMSON, VENKATACHALAM DEEPA PARVATHI*

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, 600116, India

* Corresponding Author: VENKATACHALAM DEEPA PARVATHI. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Exploring the Cellular Mechanisms of Neurodegenerative Diseases)

BIOCELL 2024, 48(5), 693-706. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2024.048776

Abstract

Physical activity and exercise have several beneficial roles in enhancing both physiological and psychological well-being of an individual. In addition to aiding the regulation of aerobic and anaerobic metabolism, exercise can stimulate the synthesis of exerkine hormones in the circulatory system. Among several exerkines that have been investigated for their therapeutic potential, Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is considered the most promising candidate, especially in the management of neurodegenerative diseases. Owing to the ability of physical activity to enhance BDNF synthesis, several experimental studies conducted so far have validated this hypothesis and produced satisfactory results at the pre-clinical level. This review highlights some of the recent animal model studies that have evaluated the efficiency of exercise in enhancing BDNF synthesis and promoting neuroprotective effects. Further, this review focuses on understanding the therapeutic benefits of exercise-induced exerkine synthesis as a non-pharmacological strategy in Parkinson’s disease (PD). Regarding physical activity and exerkine induction, the neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) strategy could be considered as an alternate treatment modality for patients affected with PD.

Graphical Abstract

Exercise and exerkine upregulation: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor as a potential non-pharmacological therapeutic strategy for Parkinson’s disease

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APA Style
PRASAD, V.V., SAMSON, J.S., PARVATHI, V.D. (2024). Exercise and exerkine upregulation: brain-derived neurotrophic factor as a potential non-pharmacological therapeutic strategy for parkinson’s disease. BIOCELL, 48(5), 693-706. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2024.048776
Vancouver Style
PRASAD VV, SAMSON JS, PARVATHI VD. Exercise and exerkine upregulation: brain-derived neurotrophic factor as a potential non-pharmacological therapeutic strategy for parkinson’s disease. BIOCELL . 2024;48(5):693-706 https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2024.048776
IEEE Style
V.V. PRASAD, J.S. SAMSON, and V.D. PARVATHI "Exercise and exerkine upregulation: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor as a potential non-pharmacological therapeutic strategy for Parkinson’s disease," BIOCELL , vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 693-706. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2024.048776



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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