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Role of virtual reality in congenital heart disease

Chin Siang Ong1, Aravind Krishnan1, Chen Yu Huang1, Philip Spevak2, Luca Vricella1, Narutoshi Hibino1, Juan R. Garcia2, Lasya Gaur3

1 Division of Cardiac Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA
2 Department of Art as Applied to Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
3 Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA

* Corresponding Author: Lasya Gaur, MD, Pediatric Cardiology, 1800 Orleans Street M2321, Johns Hopkins Children’s Center, Baltimore MD 21230. Email: email

Congenital Heart Disease 2018, 13(3), 357-361.


Objective: New platforms for patient imaging present opportunities for improved surgical planning in complex congenital heart disease (CHD). Virtual reality (VR) allows for interactive manipulation of high-resolution representations of patient-specific imaging data, as a supplement to traditional 2D visualizations and 3D printed heart models.
Design: We present the novel use of VR for the presurgical planning of cardiac surgery in two infants with complex CHD to demonstrate interactive real-time views of complex intra and extracardiac anatomy.
Results: The use of VR for cardiac presurgical planning is feasible using existing imaging data. The software was evaluated by both pediatric cardiac surgeons and pediatric cardiologists, and felt to be reliable and operated with a very short learning curve.
Conclusions: VR with controller-based interactive capability allows for interactive viewing of 3D models with complex intra and extracardiac anatomy. This serves as a useful complement to traditional preoperative planning methods in terms of its potential for group based collaborative discussion, user defined illustrative views, cost-effectiveness, and facility of use.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Ong, C.S., Krishnan, A., Huang, C.Y., Spevak, P., Vricella, L. et al. (2018). Role of virtual reality in congenital heart disease. Congenital Heart Disease, 13(3), 357-361.
Vancouver Style
Ong CS, Krishnan A, Huang CY, Spevak P, Vricella L, Hibino N, et al. Role of virtual reality in congenital heart disease. Congeni Heart Dis. 2018;13(3):357-361
IEEE Style
C.S. Ong et al., "Role of virtual reality in congenital heart disease," Congeni. Heart Dis., vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 357-361. 2018.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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