Congenital Heart Disease

About the Journal

Congenital Heart Disease: Clinical Studies from Fetus to Adulthood is an Open Access Peer-review journal which is focused exclusively on the study and treatment of congenital defects in children and adults.

Indexing and Abstracting

Science Citation Index Expanded (Clarivate Analytics): 2019 Impact Factor: 1.663; Scopus CiteScore (Impact per Publication 2019): 2.7; SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper 2019): 0.943;Journal Citation Report/Science Edition (JCR); Embase (Elsevier); EBSCO Publishing; ProQuest, etc.

Previously published by Wiley (, Congenital Heart Disease starts to be published by Tech Science Press from 2020. It supports Open Access Policy and an Article Processing Charge (APC) of $1200 US dollars applies to all accepted papers (submitted after 1st August 2020).

  • Incidence, Risk Factors, and Outcomes of Hyperferritinemia after Pediatric Cardiac Surgery with Cardiopulmonary Bypass: A Retrospective Study
  • Abstract Objective: Serum ferritin has been identified as a prognostic marker in patients with a variety of diseases. In the present study we aim to determine the prevalence of risk factors and outcomes for hyperferritinemia in children undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass for congenital heart defects. Methods: The serum ferritin levels of 457 children between the ages of twentyeight days and three years undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery between June 1, 2017 and June 1, 2018 were analyzed. The prevalence of early postoperative hyperferritinemia was investigated; hyperferritinemia was defined as a ferritin level ≥250 ng/ml. Multivariable regression models including candidate risk… More
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  • Atrial Septal Defect in Children: The Incidence and Risk Factors for Diagnosis
  • Abstract Objective: Secundum atrial septal defect (ASD II) is a common congenital heart defect, and interatrial communications among preterm children is even more common. The objective of this study was to calculate the incidence of ASD II in children, with assessment to gestational age at birth. Further, to assess maternal, prenatal and postnatal risk factors associated with ASD II among children of different gestational age at birth. Design: This national registry based retrospective incidence study was supplemented with a national case-control study, using the Swedish Register of Congenial Heart Disease, Swedish Medical Birth Register and Statistics Sweden. All children, 0–18 years… More
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  • Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Health-Related Concerns, Quality of Life and Psychological Adjustment in Young Adults with Congenital Heart Disease
  • Abstract Background: The risk for a severe disease course in case of infection with SARS-CoV-2 in young adults with congenital heart disease is largely unknown, potentially leading to uncertainty and anxiety among affected patients. This study aims to investigate health-related concerns, health-related quality of life and psychological adjustment in patients with congenital heart disease compared to healthy peers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: One-hundred patients with congenital heart disease and 50 controls (M = 29.7, SD = 3.8 years) were recruited. They completed an online survey including the assessment of health-related concerns regarding COVID-19, the 12-item Short Form Health Survey and… More
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  • Comprehensive Long-Term Follow up of Adults with Arterial Switch Operation– European Collaboration for Prospective Outcome Research in Congenital Heart Disease (EPOCH-ASO)–Study Design and Protocols
  • Abstract Background: Long-term outcomes in adults with prior arterial switch operation (ASO) have not yet been well defined. The aim of this study is to elucidate incidence and predictors of adverse cardiac outcomes in a prospectively followed cohort of adults after their ASO. Methods: The comprehensive longterm follow up of adults with ASO is a project within the European collaboration for prospective outcome research in congenital heart disease (EPOCH). It is designed as a prospective, international multicenter cohort study. Consecutive patients (age ≥ 16 years) with prior ASO will be included at 11 European tertiary care centers. Participants will be followed… More
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  • Severe Right Ventricular Dysplasia with Absent Pulmonary Valve Syndrome and Tricuspid Atresia: A Literature Review
  • Abstract This is a newborn male prenatally diagnosed with severe right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy and depressed function, aneurysmal dilation of the main pulmonary artery and tachyarrhythmia. Postnatally, he required immediate intubation and inotropic support. Echocardiogram revealed a large dysplastic RV, absent pulmonary valve syndrome (APVS), markedly dilated pulmonary arteries and tricuspid atresia (TA). The trabecular portion of the RV was excessively trabeculated and severely dilated. Inflow and infundibular walls were thin, with multiple infundibular aneurysms. There was APVS with free regurgitation and massively dilated pulmonary arteries. The RV bulged into the LV, though there was no outflow tract obstruction. The LV… More
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  • Percutaneous Closure of Patent Foramen Ovale and Secundum Atrial Septal Defects with the GORE® CARDIOFORM Septal Occluder: Incidence and Implications of Device Wire Frame Fracture
  • Abstract Background: Trans-catheter closure has become the treatment of choice for patent foramen ovale (PFO) and ostium secundum atrial septal defects (ASD). A wide variety of devices are commercially available, however, concerns have been raised about the risk of cardiac erosion associated with stiff/rigid devices. The GORE® CARDIOFORM Septal Occluder (GSO) is a double-disc, soft and conformable device with no reported incidence of cardiac erosions. However, wire frame fracture (WFF) have been reported. Aim: To assess the incidence and clinical significance of WFF after GSO implantation in paediatric patients. Methods: Seventy-seven consecutive patients were enrolled. Periprocedural and follow-up assessments included clinical,… More
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  • Risk Factor Analysis for Shunt Failure after Systemic Pulmonary Shunt
  • Abstract Background: To identify factors associated with shunt failure in patients with a systemic pulmonary shunt (SPS). Methods: We retrospectively assessed 451 patients who received SPS. Perioperative parameters such as hemoglobin, Nakata Index, and shunt size were assessed, and factors influencing shunt failure after an initial palliative shunt operation were analyzed. Results: We analyzed 451 patients who underwent isolated SPS surgery at Anzhen Hospital. Of these, shunt failure occurred in 48 (10.6%) cases after a median of 6.5 days. The 30-day mortality rate was 2.1%. Univariate and logistic regression analysis revealed that a Nakata Index ≤ 105 and vasoactive-inotropic score (VIS)… More
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  • Acquired Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Congenital Heart Disease: Issues in Diagnosis and Management
  • Abstract Objective: Acquired coronary artery disease, initially thought to rarely affect survivors of congenital heart disease, is increasingly recognized in this population, as these patients grow in age and numbers in the recent era. This study reports our experience with coronary artery disease in adults with congenital heart disease and discusses treatment issues and the existing literature. Methods: Retrospective review of all charts of adults with congenital heart disease and acquired coronary artery disease was performed. Patients’ clinical characteristics, diagnosis, risk factors, noninvasive and invasive imaging and management data were recorded. Results: Coronary artery disease was diagnosed at 35–70 of age… More
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  • Causes of Death after Congenital Heart Surgery in Children
  • Abstract Background: This retrospective cohort study aimed to explore the causes of death in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) after cardiac surgery in one of the biggest cardiac centers for children with CHD in China. Methods: A total of 26,856 children undergoing cardiac surgery from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2019 were included. Based on the clinical data, the causes of death were divided into ten categories and further compared among different periods, types of CHD and surgical procedures. Results: Of all patients, 513 (1.9%) died (median age 162 d, median weight 5.6 kg). The mortality in 2016–2019 was… More
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  • Mid-Term Outcome of Surgical Treatment in Pediatric Patients with Ebstein’s Anomaly: A Single-Center Cohort Study
  • Abstract Background: Ebstein’s anomaly (EA) is a malformation of the tricuspid valve (TV) and myopathy of the right ventricle (RV). Surgery is now the main treatment for the defect. Objective: To summarize our surgical results and experience based on patients with EA who were under 7 years of age and treated with different surgical treatments. Design: Single-center cohort study of Ebstein’s anomaly. Setting: China. Participants: 80 patients under 7 years old who were diagnosed of EA and underwent different surgical treatments were consecutively enrolled in our research from January 2010 to December 2019. Results: The median age of the 80 patients… More
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