Table of Content

Open Access iconOpen Access

ARTICLE

The relationship between serum apelin levels and aortic dilatation in bicuspid aortic valve patients*

Ersin Çagrı Şimşek1, Selcen Yakar Tülüce2, Kamil Tülüce3, Sadık Volkan Emren2, Serap Çuhadar4, Cem Nazlı2

1 Department of Cardiology, University of Health Science, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
2 Department of Cardiology, Katip Çelebi University Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
3 Department of Cardiology, Çiğli Regional Training Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
4 Department of Biochemistry, Katip Çelebi University Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey

* Corresponding Author: Ersin Çagri Şimşek, MD, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Guney Mah.1140/1 Sk. no: 1 Yenisehir/Konak, Izmir 35170, Turkey. Email: email

Congenital Heart Disease 2019, 14(2), 256-263. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12718

Abstract

Objective: The bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common congenital heart dis‐ ease. The process of aortic dilatation is not completely clear in patients with the BAV. Apelin is a peptide found at high levels in vascular endothelial cells which has a role in vascular regulation and cardiovascular function. The aim of this study was to de‐ termine the relationship between serum apelin levels and ascending aortic dilatation in adult patients with BAV.
Design: This cross‐sectional study included 62 patients with isolated BAV and to an age, gender, and body mass index‐matched control group of 58 healthy volunteers with tricuspid aortic valve. Transesophageal echocardiography was performed on all patients to determine the type of BAV. Aortic diameters of the aortic root, sinus val‐ salva, sinotubular junction, and ascending aorta were evaluated with echocardiogra‐ phy. Patients with BAV were divided into two subgroups according to the aortic diameters, as the nondilated BAV group and the dilated BAV group. Serum apelin level was analyzed with ELISA method.
Results: The serum apelin levels of the BAV patients were significantly lower than those of the control group (833.5, 25th‐75th percentile (713.5‐1745) pg/dL vs 1669 (936‐2543) pg/dL; P = 0.006). In the subgroup analysis, serum apelin level was signifi‐ cantly different between the nondilated BAV group and the dilated BAV group [977 (790‐2433) pg/dL vs 737 (693‐870) pg/dL, P < 0.05] and between the dilated BAV group and the control group [737 (693‐870) pg/dL vs 1669 (936‐2543) pg/dL, P < 0.001]. In multivariate logistic regression analysis apelin [7.27 (95% CI: 1.73‐30.42), P = 0.007] and age [1.05 (95% CI: 0.99‐1.20), P = 0.049] were determined as inde‐ pendent predictors for ascending aortic dilatation.
Conclusion: Low serum apelin level was associated with dilatation of ascending aor‐ tic in BAV patients. However, apelin was not relevant to BAV without aortic dilatation.

Keywords


Cite This Article

Şimşek, E. ., Tülüce, S. Y., Tülüce, K., Emren, S. V., Çuhadar, S. et al. (2019). The relationship between serum apelin levels and aortic dilatation in bicuspid aortic valve patients*. Congenital Heart Disease, 14(2), 256–263.



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1300

    View

  • 1096

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link