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Coronary artery disease screening in adults with congenital heart disease prior to cardiac surgery

Bradley Johnson1,2, Matthew Buelow1,2, Michael Earing1,2, Scott Cohen1,2, Peter Bartz1,2, Salil Ginde1,2

1 Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
2 Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

* Corresponding Author: Salil Ginde, Associate Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, Divisions of Cardiovascular Medicine and Pediatric Cardiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9000 W. Wisconsin Avenue, MS713, Milwaukee, WI 53226. Email: email

Congenital Heart Disease 2019, 14(6), 895-900. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12839

Abstract

Objective: As adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) grow older, preoperative screening for coronary artery disease (CAD) may be indicated prior to CHD surgery. Data regarding the indications for preoperative CAD screening in this population are limited. Current practice is to follow guidelines for patients with valvular heart dis‐ ease; however, the risk for CAD in certain congenital heart diagnoses may be higher than the general population. This study aimed to assess the results of preoperative CAD screening in patients prior to CHD surgery.
Design: Retrospective study.
Setting: Single tertiary center.
Patients: Patients ≥35 years that had CHD surgery from 1/1/2007 to 5/1/2017.
Outcome Measures: Data regarding CAD risk factors and preoperative CAD screen‐ ing results were obtained. Prevalence and risk factors for CAD were analyzed, along with their relationship to perioperative outcomes.
Results: A total of 73 patients underwent CAD screening with either cardiac catheteri‐ zation (56%) or computed tomography angiography (34%) prior to CHD surgery. Overall 16 (22%) patients were found to have CAD. Only two patients had severe coronary stenosis and underwent coronary bypass grafting at time of CHD surgery. Patients with CAD were more likely to be older and have history of hypertension, dyslipidemia, and tobacco smoking. CHD diagnosis was not significantly associated with presence of CAD.
Conclusion: CAD is common in asymptomatic older patients referred for screening prior to CHD surgery; however, severe CAD requiring concomitant coronary inter‐ vention is uncommon. Preoperative CAD screening should be based on age and tra‐ ditional CAD risk factors, rather than underlying CHD.

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Johnson, B., Buelow, M., Earing, M., Cohen, S., Bartz, P. et al. (2019). Coronary artery disease screening in adults with congenital heart disease prior to cardiac surgery. Congenital Heart Disease, 14(6), 895-900. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12839
Vancouver Style
Johnson B, Buelow M, Earing M, Cohen S, Bartz P, Ginde S. Coronary artery disease screening in adults with congenital heart disease prior to cardiac surgery. Congeni Heart Dis. 2019;14(6):895-900 https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12839
IEEE Style
B. Johnson, M. Buelow, M. Earing, S. Cohen, P. Bartz, and S. Ginde "Coronary artery disease screening in adults with congenital heart disease prior to cardiac surgery," Congeni. Heart Dis., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 895-900. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12839



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