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A Novel Approach of Image Steganography for Secure Communication Based on LSB Substitution Technique

Shahid Rahman1, Fahad Masood2, Wajid Ullah Khan2, Niamat Ullah1, Fazal Qudus Khan3, Georgios Tsaramirsis3, Sadeeq Jan4, *, Majid Ashraf5

1 University of Buner, Buner, 19290, Pakistan.
2 Abasyn University, Peshawar, 25000, Pakistan.
3 Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21577, Saudi Arabia.
4 National Center for Cyber Security-UETP, Department of CS & IT, University of Engineering & Technology, Peshawar, 25000, Pakistan.
5 Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Peshawar, 25000, Pakistan.

* Corresponding Author: Sadeeq Jan. Email: email.

Computers, Materials & Continua 2020, 64(1), 31-61.


Steganography aims to hide the messages from unauthorized persons for various purposes, e.g., military correspondence, financial transaction data. Securing the data during transmission is of utmost importance these days. The confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the data are at risk because of the emerging technologies and complexity in software applications, and therefore, there is a need to secure such systems and data. There are various methodologies to deal with security issues when utilizing an open system like the Internet. This research proposes a new technique in steganography within RGB shading space to achieve enhanced security compared with existing systems. We evaluate our approach with the help of diverse image quality evaluation techniques including MSE (Mean Square Error), RMSE (Root Mean Square Error), PSNR (Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio), MAE (Mean Absolute Error), NCC (Normalized Cross-Correlation) and SSIM (Structural Similarity Index). Our experimental results demonstrate improved strength, intangibility, and security when contrasted with existing techniques and vindicate the effectiveness of this exploration work. The proposed approach achieved a 3.6701% average higher score for PSNR Correlation than the next best existing approach. Moreover, in PSNR with a variable amount of cipher embedded in the same images of the same dimensions, the proposed approach attained a 5.22% better score. Embedding the same size of cipher in images of different size resulted a 3.56% better score.


Cite This Article

S. Rahman, F. Masood, W. Ullah Khan, N. Ullah, F. Qudus Khan et al., "A novel approach of image steganography for secure communication based on lsb substitution technique," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 64, no.1, pp. 31–61, 2020.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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