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Survey and Analysis of VoIP Frame Aggregation Methods over A-MSDU IEEE 802.11n Wireless Networks

Mosleh M. Abualhaj1,*, Abdelrahman H. Hussein1, Manjur Kolhar2, Mwaffaq Abu AlHija1

1 Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Amman, Jordan
2 Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Mosleh M. Abualhaj. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 66(2), 1283-1300.


The IEEE 802.11n standard has provided prominent features that greatly contribute to ubiquitous wireless networks. Over the last ten years, voice over IP (VoIP) has become widespread around the globe owing to its low-cost or even free call rate. The combination of these technologies (VoIP and wireless) has become desirable and inevitable for organizations. However, VoIP faces a bandwidth utilization issue when working with 802.11 wireless networks. The bandwidth utilization is inefficient on the grounds that (i) 80 bytes of 802.11/RTP/UDP/IP header is appended to 10–730 bytes of VoIP payload and (ii) 765 µs waiting intervals follow each 802.11 VoIP frame. Without considering the quality requirements of a VoIP call, be including frame aggregation in the IEEE 802.11n standard has been suggested as a solution for the bandwidth utilization issue. Consequently, several aggregation methods have been proposed to handle the quality requirements of VoIP calls when carried over an IEEE 802.11n wireless network. In this survey, we analyze the existing aggregation methods of VoIP over the A-MSDU IEEE 802.11n wireless standard. The survey provides researchers with a detailed analysis of the bandwidth utilization issue concerning the A-MSDU 802.11n standard, discussion of the main approaches of frame aggregation methods and existing aggregation methods, elaboration of the impact of frame aggregation methods on network performance and VoIP call quality, and suggestion of new areas to be investigated in conjunction with frame aggregation. The survey contributes by offering guidelines to design an appropriate, reliable, and robust aggregation method of VoIP over 802.11n standard.


Cite This Article

M. M. Abualhaj, A. H. Hussein, M. Kolhar and M. Abu AlHija, "Survey and analysis of voip frame aggregation methods over a-msdu ieee 802.11n wireless networks," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 66, no.2, pp. 1283–1300, 2021.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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