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Fuzzy Based Adaptive Deblocking Filters at Low-Bitrate HEVC Videos for Communication Networks

Anudeep Gandam1,*, Jagroop Singh Sidhu2
1 Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, IKG-Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar, 144603, India
2 Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, DAVIET, Jalandhar, India
* Corresponding Author: Anudeep Gandam. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 66(3), 3045-3063.

Received 16 August 2020; Accepted 17 October 2020; Issue published 28 December 2020


In-loop filtering significantly helps detect and remove blocking artifacts across block boundaries in low bitrate coded High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) frames and improves its subjective visual quality in multimedia services over communication networks. However, on faster processing of the complex videos at a low bitrate, some visible artifacts considerably degrade the picture quality. In this paper, we proposed a four-step fuzzy based adaptive deblocking filter selection technique. The proposed method removes the quantization noise, blocking artifacts and corner outliers efficiently for HEVC coded videos even at low bit-rate. We have considered Y (luma), U (chroma-blue), and V (chroma-red) components parallelly. Finally, we have developed a fuzzy system to detect blocking artifacts and use adaptive filters as per requirement in all four quadrants, namely up 45°, down 45°, up 135°, and down 135° across horizontal and vertical block boundaries. In this context, experimentation is done on a wide variety of videos. An objective and subjective analysis is carried out with MATLAB software and Human Visual System (HVS). The proposed method substantially outperforms existing post-processing deblocking techniques in terms of YPSNR and BD_rate. In the proposed method, we achieved 0.32–0.97 dB values of YPSNR. Our method achieved a BD_rate of +1.69% for the luma component, −0.18% (U) and −1.99% (V) for chroma components, respectively, with respect to the state-of-the-art methods. The proposed method proves to have low computational complexity and has better parallel processing, hence suitable for a real-time system in the near future.


Adaptive deblocking filters; high efficiency video coding; blocking artifacts; corner outliers; bitrate; YPSNR; BD_rate

Cite This Article

A. Gandam and J. Singh Sidhu, "Fuzzy based adaptive deblocking filters at low-bitrate hevc videos for communication networks," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 66, no.3, pp. 3045–3063, 2021.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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