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Performance Analysis of DEBT Routing Protocols for Pocket Switch Networks

Khairol Amali bin Ahmad1, Mohammad Nazmul Hasan2, Md. Sharif Hossen2,*, Khaleel Ahmad3

1 Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, National Defence University of Malaysia, Malaysia
2 Department of Information and Communication Technology, Comilla University, Cumilla, Bangladesh
3 Department of Computer Science & Information Technology, Maulana Azad National Urdu University, India

* Corresponding Author: Md. Sharif Hossen. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Intelligent Communication Systems: Smart Wireless Digital Devices and IoT)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 66(3), 3075-3087.


Pocket Switched Networks (PSN) represent a particular remittent network for direct communication between the handheld mobile devices. Compared to traditional networks, there is no stable topology structure for PSN where the nodes observe the mobility model of human society. It is a kind of Delay Tolerant Networks (DTNs) that gives a description to circulate information among the network nodes by the way of taking the benefit of transferring nodes from one area to another. Considering its inception, there are several schemes for message routing in the infrastructure-less environment in which human mobility is only the best manner to exchange information. For routing messages, PSN uses different techniques such as Distributed Expectation-Based Spatio-Temporal (DEBT) Epidemic (DEBTE), DEBT Cluster (DEBTC), and DEBT Tree (DEBTT). Understanding on how the network environment is affected for these routing strategies are the main motivation of this research. In this paper, we have investigated the impact of network nodes, the message copies per transmission, and the overall carrying out of these routing protocols. ONE simulator was used to analyze those techniques on the basis of delivery, overhead, and latency. The result of this task demonstrates that for a particular simulation setting, DEBTE is the best PSN routing technique among all, against DEBTC and DEBTT.


Cite This Article

K. Amali bin Ahmad, M. Nazmul Hasan, M. Sharif Hossen and K. Ahmad, "Performance analysis of debt routing protocols for pocket switch networks," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 66, no.3, pp. 3075–3087, 2021.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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