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A Technical Framework for Selection of Autonomous UAV Navigation Technologies and Sensors

Izzat Al-Darraji1,2, Morched Derbali3, Houssem Jerbi4, Fazal Qudus Khan3, Sadeeq Jan5,*, Dimitris Piromalis6, Georgios Tsaramirsis7

1 Department of Automated Manufacturing, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kirkuk, Iraq
3 Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Ha’il, Hail, 1234, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Computer Science & IT, University of Engineering & Technology Peshawar, Pakistan
6 Department of Automation, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece
7 Abu Dhabi Women’s College, Higher Colleges of Technology, Abu Dhabi, UAE

* Corresponding Author: Sadeeq Jan. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 68(2), 2771-2790.


The autonomous navigation of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) relies heavily on the navigation sensors. The UAV’s level of autonomy depends upon the various navigation systems, such as state measurement, mapping, and obstacle avoidance. Selecting the correct components is a critical part of the design process. However, this can be a particularly difficult task, especially for novices as there are several technologies and components available on the market, each with their own individual advantages and disadvantages. For example, satellite-based navigation components should be avoided when designing indoor UAVs. Incorporating them in the design brings no added value to the final product and will simply lead to increased cost and power consumption. Another issue is the number of vendors on the market, each trying to sell their hardware solutions which often incorporate similar technologies. The aim of this paper is to serve as a guide, proposing various methods to support the selection of fit-for-purpose technologies and components whilst avoiding system layout conflicts. The paper presents a study of the various navigation technologies and supports engineers in the selection of specific hardware solutions based on given requirements. The selection methods are based on easy-to-follow flow charts. A comparison of the various hardware components specifications is also included as part of this work.


Cite This Article

I. Al-Darraji, M. Derbali, H. Jerbi, F. Qudus Khan, S. Jan et al., "A technical framework for selection of autonomous uav navigation technologies and sensors," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 68, no.2, pp. 2771–2790, 2021.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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