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An Optimized SW/HW AVMF Design Based on High-Level Synthesis Flow for Color Images

Turki M. Alanazi1, Ahmed Ben Atitallah1,2,*, Imen Abid2

1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Jouf University, Sakaka, Aljouf, Saudi Arabia
2 LETI (E.N.I.S.), University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia

* Corresponding Author: Ahmed Ben Atitallah. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 68(3), 2925-2943.


In this paper, a software/hardware High-level Synthesis (HLS) design is proposed to compute the Adaptive Vector Median Filter (AVMF) in real-time. In fact, this filter is known by its excellent impulsive noise suppression and chromaticity conservation. The software (SW) study of this filter demonstrates that its implementation is too complex. The purpose of this work is to study the impact of using an HLS tool to design ideal floating-point and optimized fixed-point hardware (HW) architectures for the AVMF filter using square root function (ideal HW) and ROM memory (optimized HW), respectively, to select the best HLS architectures and to design an efficient HLS software/hardware (SW/HW) embedded AVMF design to achieve a trade-off between the processing time, power consumption and hardware cost. For that purpose, some approximations using ROM memory were proposed to perform the square root and develop a fixed-point AVMF algorithm. After that, the best solution generated for each HLS design was integrated in the SW/HW environment and evaluated under ZC702 FPGA platform. The experimental results showed a reduction of about 65% and 98% in both the power consumption and processing time for the ideal SW/HW implementation relative to the ideal SW implementation for an AVMF filter with the same image quality, respectively. Moreover, the power consumption and processing time of the optimized SW/HW are 70% and 97% less than the optimized SW implementation, respectively. In addition, the Look Up Table (LUTs) percentage, power consumption and processing time used by the optimized SW/HW design are improved by nearly 45%, 18% and 61% compared the ideal SW/HW design, respectively, with slight decrease in the image quality.


Cite This Article

T. M. Alanazi, A. Ben Atitallah and I. Abid, "An optimized sw/hw avmf design based on high-level synthesis flow for color images," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 68, no.3, pp. 2925–2943, 2021.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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