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Cross-Layer Design for EH Systems with Finite Buffer Constraints

Mohammed Baljon, Shailendra Mishra*

Department of Computer Engineering, College of Computer and Information Sciences Majmaah University, Majmaah, 11952, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Shailendra Mishra. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 69(1), 129-144.


Energy harvesting (EH) technology in wireless communication is a promising approach to extend the lifetime of future wireless networks. A cross-layer optimal adaptation policy for a point-to-point energy harvesting (EH) wireless communication system with finite buffer constraints over a Rayleigh fading channel based on a Semi-Markov Decision Process (SMDP) is investigated. Most adaptation strategies in the literature are based on channel-dependent adaptation. However, besides considering the channel, the state of the energy capacitor and the data buffer are also involved when proposing a dynamic modulation policy for EH wireless networks. Unlike the channel-dependent policy, which is a physical layer-based optimization, the proposed cross-layer dynamic modulation policy is a guarantee to meet the overflow requirements of the upper layer by maximizing the throughput while optimizing the transmission power and minimizing the dropping packets. Based on the states of the channel conditions, data buffer, and energy capacitor, the scheduler selects a particular action corresponding to the selected modulation constellation. Moreover, the packets are modulated into symbols according to the selected modulation type to be ready for transmission over the Rayleigh fading channel. Simulations are used to test the performance of the proposed cross-layer policy scheme, which shows that it significantly outperforms the physical layer channel-dependent policy scheme in terms of throughput only.


Cite This Article

M. Baljon and S. Mishra, "Cross-layer design for eh systems with finite buffer constraints," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 69, no.1, pp. 129–144, 2021.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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