Vol.69, No.3, 2021, pp.3459-3475, doi:10.32604/cmc.2021.017337
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Screening of COVID-19 Patients Using Deep Learning and IoT Framework
  • Harshit Kaushik1, Dilbag Singh2, Shailendra Tiwari3, Manjit Kaur2, Chang-Won Jeong4, Yunyoung Nam5,*, Muhammad Attique Khan6
1 Manipal University Jaipur, India
2 Bennett University, Greater Noida, India
3 Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala, India
4 Medical Convergence Research Center, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea
5 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Korea
6 Department of Computer Science, HITEC University, Taxila, Pakistan
* Corresponding Author: Yunyoung Nam. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Advances in Deep Learning for Medical Image Analysis)
Received 27 January 2021; Accepted 14 April 2021; Issue published 24 August 2021
Abstract
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak as a pandemic due to its uncontrolled global spread. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction is a laboratory test that is widely used for the diagnosis of this deadly disease. However, the limited availability of testing kits and qualified staff and the drastically increasing number of cases have hampered massive testing. To handle COVID-19 testing problems, we apply the Internet of Things and artificial intelligence to achieve self-adaptive, secure, and fast resource allocation, real-time tracking, remote screening, and patient monitoring. In addition, we implement a cloud platform for efficient spectrum utilization. Thus, we propose a cloud-based intelligent system for remote COVID-19 screening using cognitive-radio-based Internet of Things and deep learning. Specifically, a deep learning technique recognizes radiographic patterns in chest computed tomography (CT) scans. To this end, contrast-limited adaptive histogram equalization is applied to an input CT scan followed by bilateral filtering to enhance the spatial quality. The image quality assessment of the CT scan is performed using the blind/referenceless image spatial quality evaluator. Then, a deep transfer learning model, VGG-16, is trained to diagnose a suspected CT scan as either COVID-19 positive or negative. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed VGG-16 model outperforms existing COVID-19 screening models regarding accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. The results obtained from the proposed system can be verified by doctors and sent to remote places through the Internet.
Keywords
Medical image analysis; transfer learning; vgg-16; image processing system pipeline; quantitative evaluation; internet of things
Cite This Article
Kaushik, H., Singh, D., Tiwari, S., Kaur, M., Jeong, C. et al. (2021). Screening of COVID-19 Patients Using Deep Learning and IoT Framework. CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, 69(3), 3459–3475.
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