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Recurrent Convolutional Neural Network MSER-Based Approach for Payable Document Processing

Suliman Aladhadh1, Hidayat Ur Rehman2, Ali Mustafa Qamar3,4,*, Rehan Ullah Khan1

1 Department of Information Technology, College of Computer, Qassim University, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia
2 Ainfinity Algorythma, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
3 Department of Computer Science, College of Computer, Qassim University, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Computing, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (SEECS), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan

* Corresponding Author: Ali Mustafa Qamar. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Emerging Trends in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 69(3), 3399-3411.


A tremendous amount of vendor invoices is generated in the corporate sector. To automate the manual data entry in payable documents, highly accurate Optical Character Recognition (OCR) is required. This paper proposes an end-to-end OCR system that does both localization and recognition and serves as a single unit to automate payable document processing such as cheques and cash disbursement. For text localization, the maximally stable extremal region is used, which extracts a word or digit chunk from an invoice. This chunk is later passed to the deep learning model, which performs text recognition. The deep learning model utilizes both convolution neural networks and long short-term memory (LSTM). The convolution layer is used for extracting features, which are fed to the LSTM. The model integrates feature extraction, modeling sequence, and transcription into a unified network. It handles the sequences of unconstrained lengths, independent of the character segmentation or horizontal scale normalization. Furthermore, it applies to both the lexicon-free and lexicon-based text recognition, and finally, it produces a comparatively smaller model, which can be implemented in practical applications. The overall superior performance in the experimental evaluation demonstrates the usefulness of the proposed model. The model is thus generic and can be used for other similar recognition scenarios.


Cite This Article

S. Aladhadh, H. Ur Rehman, A. Mustafa Qamar and R. Ullah Khan, "Recurrent convolutional neural network mser-based approach for payable document processing," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 69, no.3, pp. 3399–3411, 2021.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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