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  • Open Access


    Short-Term Household Load Forecasting Based on Attention Mechanism and CNN-ICPSO-LSTM

    Lin Ma1, Liyong Wang1, Shuang Zeng1, Yutong Zhao1, Chang Liu1, Heng Zhang1, Qiong Wu2,*, Hongbo Ren2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.6, pp. 1473-1493, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.047332

    Abstract Accurate load forecasting forms a crucial foundation for implementing household demand response plans and optimizing load scheduling. When dealing with short-term load data characterized by substantial fluctuations, a single prediction model is hard to capture temporal features effectively, resulting in diminished prediction accuracy. In this study, a hybrid deep learning framework that integrates attention mechanism, convolution neural network (CNN), improved chaotic particle swarm optimization (ICPSO), and long short-term memory (LSTM), is proposed for short-term household load forecasting. Firstly, the CNN model is employed to extract features from the original data, enhancing the quality of data… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep-Ensemble Learning Method for Solar Resource Assessment of Complex Terrain Landscapes

    Lifeng Li1, Zaimin Yang1, Xiongping Yang1, Jiaming Li2, Qianyufan Zhou3,*, Ping Yang3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.5, pp. 1329-1346, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.046447

    Abstract As the global demand for renewable energy grows, solar energy is gaining attention as a clean, sustainable energy source. Accurate assessment of solar energy resources is crucial for the siting and design of photovoltaic power plants. This study proposes an integrated deep learning-based photovoltaic resource assessment method. Ensemble learning and deep learning methods are fused for photovoltaic resource assessment for the first time. The proposed method combines the random forest, gated recurrent unit, and long short-term memory to effectively improve the accuracy and reliability of photovoltaic resource assessment. The proposed method has strong adaptability and More >

  • Open Access


    The Influence of Air Pollution Concentrations on Solar Irradiance Forecasting Using CNN-LSTM-mRMR Feature Extraction

    Ramiz Gorkem Birdal*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4015-4028, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048324

    Abstract Maintaining a steady power supply requires accurate forecasting of solar irradiance, since clean energy resources do not provide steady power. The existing forecasting studies have examined the limited effects of weather conditions on solar radiation such as temperature and precipitation utilizing convolutional neural network (CNN), but no comprehensive study has been conducted on concentrations of air pollutants along with weather conditions. This paper proposes a hybrid approach based on deep learning, expanding the feature set by adding new air pollution concentrations, and ranking these features to select and reduce their size to improve efficiency. In… More >

  • Open Access


    An Enhanced Ensemble-Based Long Short-Term Memory Approach for Traffic Volume Prediction

    Duy Quang Tran1, Huy Q. Tran2,*, Minh Van Nguyen3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3585-3602, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047760

    Abstract With the advancement of artificial intelligence, traffic forecasting is gaining more and more interest in optimizing route planning and enhancing service quality. Traffic volume is an influential parameter for planning and operating traffic structures. This study proposed an improved ensemble-based deep learning method to solve traffic volume prediction problems. A set of optimal hyperparameters is also applied for the suggested approach to improve the performance of the learning process. The fusion of these methodologies aims to harness ensemble empirical mode decomposition’s capacity to discern complex traffic patterns and long short-term memory’s proficiency in learning temporal… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Eccentric Intrusion Detection Model Based on Recurrent Neural Networks with Leveraging LSTM

    Navaneetha Krishnan Muthunambu1, Senthil Prabakaran2, Balasubramanian Prabhu Kavin3, Kishore Senthil Siruvangur4, Kavitha Chinnadurai1, Jehad Ali5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3089-3127, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043172

    Abstract The extensive utilization of the Internet in everyday life can be attributed to the substantial accessibility of online services and the growing significance of the data transmitted via the Internet. Regrettably, this development has expanded the potential targets that hackers might exploit. Without adequate safeguards, data transmitted on the internet is significantly more susceptible to unauthorized access, theft, or alteration. The identification of unauthorised access attempts is a critical component of cybersecurity as it aids in the detection and prevention of malicious attacks. This research paper introduces a novel intrusion detection framework that utilizes Recurrent… More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis and Modeling of Time Output Characteristics for Distributed Photovoltaic and Energy Storage

    Kaicheng Liu1,3,*, Chen Liang2, Xiaoyang Dong2, Liping Liu1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.4, pp. 933-949, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043658

    Abstract Due to the unpredictable output characteristics of distributed photovoltaics, their integration into the grid can lead to voltage fluctuations within the regional power grid. Therefore, the development of spatial-temporal coordination and optimization control methods for distributed photovoltaics and energy storage systems is of utmost importance in various scenarios. This paper approaches the issue from the perspective of spatiotemporal forecasting of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation and proposes a Temporal Convolutional-Long Short-Term Memory prediction model that combines Temporal Convolutional Networks (TCN) and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM). To begin with, an analysis of the spatiotemporal distribution patterns of More >

  • Open Access


    A Time Series Intrusion Detection Method Based on SSAE, TCN and Bi-LSTM

    Zhenxiang He*, Xunxi Wang, Chunwei Li

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 845-871, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046607

    Abstract In the fast-evolving landscape of digital networks, the incidence of network intrusions has escalated alarmingly. Simultaneously, the crucial role of time series data in intrusion detection remains largely underappreciated, with most systems failing to capture the time-bound nuances of network traffic. This leads to compromised detection accuracy and overlooked temporal patterns. Addressing this gap, we introduce a novel SSAE-TCN-BiLSTM (STL) model that integrates time series analysis, significantly enhancing detection capabilities. Our approach reduces feature dimensionality with a Stacked Sparse Autoencoder (SSAE) and extracts temporally relevant features through a Temporal Convolutional Network (TCN) and Bidirectional Long… More >

  • Open Access


    Credit Card Fraud Detection Using Improved Deep Learning Models

    Sumaya S. Sulaiman1,2,*, Ibraheem Nadher3, Sarab M. Hameed2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1049-1069, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046051

    Abstract Fraud of credit cards is a major issue for financial organizations and individuals. As fraudulent actions become more complex, a demand for better fraud detection systems is rising. Deep learning approaches have shown promise in several fields, including detecting credit card fraud. However, the efficacy of these models is heavily dependent on the careful selection of appropriate hyperparameters. This paper introduces models that integrate deep learning models with hyperparameter tuning techniques to learn the patterns and relationships within credit card transaction data, thereby improving fraud detection. Three deep learning models: AutoEncoder (AE), Convolution Neural Network… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Learning for Financial Time Series Prediction: A State-of-the-Art Review of Standalone and Hybrid Models

    Weisi Chen1,*, Walayat Hussain2,*, Francesco Cauteruccio3, Xu Zhang1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 187-224, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031388

    Abstract Financial time series prediction, whether for classification or regression, has been a heated research topic over the last decade. While traditional machine learning algorithms have experienced mediocre results, deep learning has largely contributed to the elevation of the prediction performance. Currently, the most up-to-date review of advanced machine learning techniques for financial time series prediction is still lacking, making it challenging for finance domain experts and relevant practitioners to determine which model potentially performs better, what techniques and components are involved, and how the model can be designed and implemented. This review article provides an… More > Graphic Abstract

    Deep Learning for Financial Time Series Prediction: A State-of-the-Art Review of Standalone and Hybrid Models

  • Open Access


    An Improved Whale Optimization Algorithm for Global Optimization and Realized Volatility Prediction

    Xiang Wang1, Liangsa Wang2,*, Han Li1, Yibin Guo1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 2935-2969, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.044948

    Abstract The original whale optimization algorithm (WOA) has a low initial population quality and tends to converge to local optimal solutions. To address these challenges, this paper introduces an improved whale optimization algorithm called OLCHWOA, incorporating a chaos mechanism and an opposition-based learning strategy. This algorithm introduces chaotic initialization and opposition-based initialization operators during the population initialization phase, thereby enhancing the quality of the initial whale population. Additionally, including an elite opposition-based learning operator significantly improves the algorithm’s global search capabilities during iterations. The work and contributions of this paper are primarily reflected in two aspects.… More >

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