Vol.70, No.1, 2022, pp.1721-1747, doi:10.32604/cmc.2022.018972
An Ensemble Learning Based Approach for Detecting and Tracking COVID19 Rumors
  • Sultan Noman Qasem1,2, Mohammed Al-Sarem3,4, Faisal Saeed3,*
1 Computer Science Department, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Al Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), Riyadh, 11432, Saudi Arabia
2 Computer Science Department, Faculty of Applied Science, Taiz University, Taiz, 6803, Yemen
3 College of Computer Science and Engineering, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
4 Information System Department, Saba’a Region University, Mareeb, Yemen
* Corresponding Author: Faisal Saeed. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Emerging Trends in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning)
Received 28 March 2021; Accepted 07 May 2021; Issue published 07 September 2021
Rumors regarding epidemic diseases such as COVID 19, medicines and treatments, diagnostic methods and public emergencies can have harmful impacts on health and political, social and other aspects of people’s lives, especially during emergency situations and health crises. With huge amounts of content being posted to social media every second during these situations, it becomes very difficult to detect fake news (rumors) that poses threats to the stability and sustainability of the healthcare sector. A rumor is defined as a statement for which truthfulness has not been verified. During COVID 19, people found difficulty in obtaining the most truthful news easily because of the huge amount of unverified information on social media. Several methods have been applied for detecting rumors and tracking their sources for COVID 19-related information. However, very few studies have been conducted for this purpose for the Arabic language, which has unique characteristics. Therefore, this paper proposes a comprehensive approach which includes two phases: detection and tracking. In the detection phase of the study carried out, several standalone and ensemble machine learning methods were applied on the Arcov-19 dataset. A new detection model was used which combined two models: The Genetic Algorithm Based Support Vector Machine (that works on users’ and tweets’ features) and the stacking ensemble method (that works on tweets’ texts). In the tracking phase, several similarity-based techniques were used to obtain the top 1% of similar tweets to a target tweet/post, which helped to find the source of the rumors. The experiments showed interesting results in terms of accuracy, precision, recall and F1-Score for rumor detection (the accuracy reached 92.63%), and showed interesting findings in the tracking phase, in terms of ROUGE L precision, recall and F1-Score for similarity techniques.
Rumor detection; rumor tracking; similarity techniques; COVID-19; social media analytics
Cite This Article
Qasem, S. N., Al-Sarem, M., Saeed, F. (2022). An Ensemble Learning Based Approach for Detecting and Tracking COVID19 Rumors. CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, 70(1), 1721–1747.
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