Open Access


Attention-Based Bi-LSTM Model for Arabic Depression Classification

Abdulqader M. Almars*
College of Computer Science and Engineering, Taibah University, Yanbu, Saudi Arabia
* Corresponding Author: Abdulqader M. Almars. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 71(2), 3091-3106.

Received 12 August 2021; Accepted 14 October 2021; Issue published 07 December 2021


Depression is a common mental health issue that affects a large percentage of people all around the world. Usually, people who suffer from this mood disorder have issues such as low concentration, dementia, mood swings, and even suicide. A social media platform like Twitter allows people to communicate as well as share photos and videos that reflect their moods. Therefore, the analysis of social media content provides insight into individual moods, including depression. Several studies have been conducted on depression detection in English and less in Arabic. The detection of depression from Arabic social media lags behind due the complexity of Arabic language and the lack of resources and techniques available. In this study, we performed a depression analysis on Arabic social media content to understand the feelings of the users. A bidirectional long short-term memory (Bi-LSTM) with an attention mechanism is presented to learn important hidden features for depression detection successfully. The proposed deep learning model combines an attention mechanism with a Bi-LSTM to simultaneously focus on discriminative features and learn significant word weights that contribute highly to depression detection. In order to evaluate our model, we collected a Twitter dataset of approximately 6000 tweets. The data labelling was done by manually classifying tweets as depressed or not depressed. Experimental results showed that the proposed model outperformed state-of-the-art machine learning models in detecting depression. The attention-based Bi-LSTM model achieved 0.83% accuracy on the depression detection task.


Depression detection; social media; deep learning; Bi-LSTM; attention model

Cite This Article

A. M. Almars, "Attention-based bi-lstm model for arabic depression classification," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 71, no.2, pp. 3091–3106, 2022.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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