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Continuous Tracking of GPS Signals with Data Wipe-Off Method

Dah-Jing Jwo*, Kun-Chan Lee
Department of Communications, Navigation and Control Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, 202301, Taiwan
* Corresponding Author: Dah-Jing Jwo. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 71(2), 3803-3820. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2022.023442

Received 08 September 2021; Accepted 26 October 2021; Issue published 07 December 2021

Abstract

The decentralized pre-filter based vector tracking loop (VTL) configuration with data wipe-off (DWO) method of the Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver is proposed for performance enhancement. It is a challenging task to continuously track the satellites’ signals in weak signal environment for the GPS receiver. VTL is a very attractive technique as it can provide tracking capability in signal-challenged environments. In the VTL, each channel will not form a loop independently. On the contrary, the signals in the channels of VTL are shared with each other; the navigation processor in turn predicts the code phases. Thus, the receiver can successfully track signals even the signal strength from individual satellite is weak. The tracking loop based on the pre-filter provides more flexible adjustment to specific environments to reduce noise interference. Therefore, even if the signals from some satellites are very weak the receiver can track them from the navigation results based on the other satellites. The navigation data, which contains information necessary to perform navigation computations, are binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulated onto the GPS carrier phase with the bit duration of 20 ms (i.e., 50 bits per second) for the GPS L1 C/A signals. The coherent integration interval can be extended for improved tracking performance in signal-challenged environment. However, tracking accuracy is decreased by possible data bit sign reversal. The DWO algorithm can be employed to remove the data bit in I and Q correlation values so as to avoid energy loss due to bit transitions when the integration interval of the correlator is extended over 20 ms under the low carrier-to-noise ratio (C/No) environments. The proposed method has an advantage to provide continuous tracking of signals and obtain improved navigation performance. Performance evaluation of the tracking capability as well as positioning accuracy will be presented.

Keywords

Global positioning system (GPS); vector tracking loop; pre-filter; data wipe-off; weak signal

Cite This Article

D. Jwo and K. Lee, "Continuous tracking of gps signals with data wipe-off method," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 71, no.2, pp. 3803–3820, 2022.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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