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An Efficient Machine Learning Based Precoding Algorithm for Millimeter-Wave Massive MIMO

Waleed Shahjehan1, Abid Ullah1, Syed Waqar Shah1, Ayman A. Aly2, Bassem F. Felemban2, Wonjong Noh3,*
1 Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Taif University, Taif, 21944, Saudi Arabia
3 School of Software, Hallym University, Chuncheon, 24252, Korea
* Corresponding Author: Wonjong Noh. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 71(3), 5399-5411. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2022.022034

Received 25 July 2021; Accepted 16 November 2021; Issue published 14 January 2022

Abstract

Millimeter wave communication works in the 30–300 GHz frequency range, and can obtain a very high bandwidth, which greatly improves the transmission rate of the communication system and becomes one of the key technologies of fifth-generation (5G). The smaller wavelength of the millimeter wave makes it possible to assemble a large number of antennas in a small aperture. The resulting array gain can compensate for the path loss of the millimeter wave. Utilizing this feature, the millimeter wave massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system uses a large antenna array at the base station. It enables the transmission of multiple data streams, making the system have a higher data transmission rate. In the millimeter wave massive MIMO system, the precoding technology uses the state information of the channel to adjust the transmission strategy at the transmitting end, and the receiving end performs equalization, so that users can better obtain the antenna multiplexing gain and improve the system capacity. This paper proposes an efficient algorithm based on machine learning (ML) for effective system performance in mmwave massive MIMO systems. The main idea is to optimize the adaptive connection structure to maximize the received signal power of each user and correlate the RF chain and base station antenna. Simulation results show that, the proposed algorithm effectively improved the system performance in terms of spectral efficiency and complexity as compared with existing algorithms.

Keywords

MIMO; phased array; precoding scheme; machine learning optimization

Cite This Article

W. Shahjehan, A. Ullah, S. Waqar Shah, A. A. Aly, B. F. Felemban et al., "An efficient machine learning based precoding algorithm for millimeter-wave massive mimo," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 71, no.3, pp. 5399–5411, 2022.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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