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HARQ Optimization for PDCP Duplication-Based 5G URLLC Dual Connectivity

Changsung Lee1,3, Junsung Kim2,3, Jaewook Jung3, Jungsuk Baik3, Jong-Moon Chung3,*

1 Samsung Research, Seoul, 06765, Korea
2 Samsung Electronics, Suwon, 16677, Korea
3 School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, 03722, Korea

* Corresponding Author: Jong-Moon Chung. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 72(1), 727-738.


Packet duplication (PD) with dual connectivity (DC) was newly introduced in the 5G New Radio (NR) specifications to meet the stringent ultra reliable low latency communication (URLLC) requirements. PD technology uses duplicated packets in the packet data convergence protocol (PDCP) layer that are transmitted via two different access nodes (ANs) to the user equipment (UE) in order to enhance the reliability performance. However, PD can result in unnecessary retransmissions in the lower layers since the hybrid automatic retransmission request (HARQ) operation is unaware of the transmission success achieved through the alternate DC link to the UE. To overcome this issue, in this paper, a novel duplication-aware retransmission optimization (DRO) scheme is proposed to reduce the resource usage induced by unnecessary HARQ retransmissions. The proposed DRO scheme can minimize the average channel use while satisfying the URLLC requirements. The proposed DRO scheme derives the optimal HARQ retransmission attempts for different ANs by solving a nonlinear integer programming (NLIP) problem. The performance of the proposed DRO scheme was evaluated using MATLAB simulation and is compared to the existing 5G HARQ support schemes. The simulations results show that the proposed DRO scheme can provide a 14.71% and 15.11% reduced average channel use gain compared to the selective data duplication upon failure (SDUF) scheme and latency-aware dynamic multi-connectivity algorithm (LADMA) scheme, respectively, which are the existing 5G PD schemes that use HARQ.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Lee, C., Kim, J., Jung, J., Baik, J., Chung, J. (2022). HARQ optimization for PDCP duplication-based 5G URLLC dual connectivity. Computers, Materials & Continua, 72(1), 727-738.
Vancouver Style
Lee C, Kim J, Jung J, Baik J, Chung J. HARQ optimization for PDCP duplication-based 5G URLLC dual connectivity. Comput Mater Contin. 2022;72(1):727-738
IEEE Style
C. Lee, J. Kim, J. Jung, J. Baik, and J. Chung "HARQ Optimization for PDCP Duplication-Based 5G URLLC Dual Connectivity," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 727-738. 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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