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QoS Aware Multicast Routing Protocol for Video Transmission in Smart Cities

Khaled Mohamad Almustafa1, Taiseer Abdalla Elfadil Eisa2, Amani Abdulrahman Albraikan3, Mesfer Al Duhayyim4,*, Manar Ahmed Hamza5, Abdelwahed Motwakel5, Ishfaq Yaseen5, Muhammad Imran Babar6

1 Department of Information Systems, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Prince Sultan University, Riyadh, 11586, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Information Systems-Girls Section, King Khalid University, Mahayil, 62529, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Computer Sciences, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, 11671, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Natural and Applied Sciences, College of Community-Aflaj, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, 16278, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Computer and Self Development, Preparatory Year Deanship, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, AlKharj, 16278, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Computer Science, FAST-National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Chiniot, Faisalabad, 44090, Pakistan

* Corresponding Author: Mesfer Al Duhayyim. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 72(2), 2483-2499.


In recent years, Software Defined Networking (SDN) has become an important candidate for communication infrastructure in smart cities. It produces a drastic increase in the need for delivery of video services that are of high resolution, multiview, and large-scale in nature. However, this entity gets easily influenced by heterogeneous behaviour of the user's wireless link features that might reduce the quality of video stream for few or all clients. The development of SDN allows the emergence of new possibilities for complicated controlling of video conferences. Besides, multicast routing protocol with multiple constraints in terms of Quality of Service (QoS) is a Nondeterministic Polynomial time (NP) hard problem which can be solved only with the help of metaheuristic optimization algorithms. With this motivation, the current research paper presents a new Improved Black Widow Optimization with Levy Distribution model (IBWO-LD)-based multicast routing protocol for smart cities. The presented IBWO-LD model aims at minimizing the energy consumption and bandwidth utilization while at the same time accomplish improved quality of video streams that the clients receive. Besides, a priority-based scheduling and classifier model is designed to allocate multicast request based on the type of applications and deadline constraints. A detailed experimental analysis was carried out to ensure the outcomes improved under different aspects. The results from comprehensive comparative analysis highlighted the superiority of the proposed IBWO-LD model over other compared methods.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Almustafa, K.M., Eisa, T.A.E., Albraikan, A.A., Duhayyim, M.A., Hamza, M.A. et al. (2022). Qos aware multicast routing protocol for video transmission in smart cities. Computers, Materials & Continua, 72(2), 2483-2499.
Vancouver Style
Almustafa KM, Eisa TAE, Albraikan AA, Duhayyim MA, Hamza MA, Motwakel A, et al. Qos aware multicast routing protocol for video transmission in smart cities. Comput Mater Contin. 2022;72(2):2483-2499
IEEE Style
K.M. Almustafa et al., "QoS Aware Multicast Routing Protocol for Video Transmission in Smart Cities," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 2483-2499. 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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