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Motion Enhanced Model Based on High-Level Spatial Features

Yang Wu1, Lei Guo1, Xiaodong Dai1, Bin Zhang1, Dong-Won Park2, Ming Ma1,*

1 College of Computer Science and Engineering, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot, 010021, China
2 Department of Information and Communications, PaiChai University, Daejeon, 35345, Korea

* Corresponding Author: Ming Ma. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 73(3), 5911-5924. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2022.031664

Abstract

Action recognition has become a current research hotspot in computer vision. Compared to other deep learning methods, Two-stream convolutional network structure achieves better performance in action recognition, which divides the network into spatial and temporal streams, using video frame images as well as dense optical streams in the network, respectively, to obtain the category labels. However, the two-stream network has some drawbacks, i.e., using dense optical flow as the input of the temporal stream, which is computationally expensive and extremely time-consuming for the current extraction algorithm and cannot meet the requirements of real-time tasks. In this paper, instead of the dense optical flow, the Motion Vectors (MVs) are used and extracted from the compressed domain as temporal features, which greatly reduces the extraction time. However, the motion pattern that MVs contain is coarser, which leads to low accuracy. In this paper, we propose two strategies to improve the accuracy: firstly, an accumulated strategy is used to enhance the motion information and continuity of MVs; secondly, knowledge distillation is used to fuse the spatial information into the temporal stream so that more information (e.g., motion details, colors, etc.) is obtainable. Experimental results show that the accuracy of MV can be greatly improved by the strategies proposed in this paper and the final recognition for human actions accuracy is guaranteed without using optical flow.

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Cite This Article

Y. Wu, L. Guo, X. Dai, B. Zhang, D. Park et al., "Motion enhanced model based on high-level spatial features," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 73, no.3, pp. 5911–5924, 2022.



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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