Open AccessOpen Access


Analysis of LDPC Code in Hybrid Communication Systems

Hasnain Kashif1,*, Muhammad Nasir Khan1, Zubair Nawaz2

1 Department of Electrical Engineering, The University of Lahore, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan
2 Department of Data Science, University of Punjab, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan

* Corresponding Author: Hasnain Kashif. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 74(1), 769-781.


Free-space optical (FSO) communication is of supreme importance for designing next-generation networks. Over the past decades, the radio frequency (RF) spectrum has been the main topic of interest for wireless technology. The RF spectrum is becoming denser and more employed, making its availability tough for additional channels. Optical communication, exploited for messages or indications in historical times, is now becoming famous and useful in combination with error-correcting codes (ECC) to mitigate the effects of fading caused by atmospheric turbulence. A free-space communication system (FSCS) in which the hybrid technology is based on FSO and RF. FSCS is a capable solution to overcome the downsides of current schemes and enhance the overall link reliability and availability. The proposed FSCS with regular low-density parity-check (LDPC) for coding techniques is deliberated and evaluated in terms of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in this paper. The extrinsic information transfer (EXIT) methodology is an incredible technique employed to investigate the sum-product decoding algorithm of LDPC codes and optimize the EXIT chart by applying curve fitting. In this research work, we also analyze the behavior of the EXIT chart of regular/irregular LDPC for the FSCS. We also investigate the error performance of LDPC code for the proposed FSCS.


Cite This Article

H. Kashif, M. N. Khan and Z. Nawaz, "Analysis of ldpc code in hybrid communication systems," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 74, no.1, pp. 769–781, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 700


  • 550


  • 1


Share Link