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Efficient Routing Protocol with Localization Based Priority & Congestion Control for UWSN

S. Sandhiyaa*, C. Gomathy

Electronics and Communication of Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Vadapalani, Chennai, 600026, TN, India

* Corresponding Author: S. Sandhiyaa. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 74(3), 4747-4768.


The nodes in the sensor network have a wide range of uses, particularly on under-sea links that are skilled for detecting, handling as well as management. The underwater wireless sensor networks support collecting pollution data, mine survey, oceanographic information collection, aided navigation, strategic surveillance, and collection of ocean samples using detectors that are submerged in water. Localization, congestion routing, and prioritizing the traffic is the major issue in an underwater sensor network. Our scheme differentiates the different types of traffic and gives every type of traffic its requirements which is considered regarding network resource. Minimization of localization error using the proposed angle-based forwarding scheme is explained in this paper. We choose the shortest path to the destination using the fitness function which is calculated based on fault ratio, dispatching of packets, power, and distance among the nodes. This work contemplates congestion conscious forwarding using hard stage and soft stage schemes which reduce the congestion by monitoring the status of the energy and buffer of the nodes and controlling the traffic. The study with the use of the ns3 simulator demonstrated that a given algorithm accomplishes superior performance for loss of packet, delay of latency, and power utilization than the existing algorithms.


Cite This Article

S. Sandhiyaa and C. Gomathy, "Efficient routing protocol with localization based priority & congestion control for uwsn," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 74, no.3, pp. 4747–4768, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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