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Blockchain Driven Metaheuristic Route Planning in Secure Wireless Sensor Networks

M. V. Rajesh1, T. Archana Acharya2, Hafis Hajiyev3, E. Laxmi Lydia4, Haya Mesfer Alshahrani5, Mohamed K Nour6, Abdullah Mohamed7, Mesfer Al Duhayyim8,*

1 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Aditya Engineering College, Surampalem, 533437, India
2 Department of Business Administration, Vignan’s Institute of Information Technology, Visakhapatnam, 530049, India
3 Department of Accounting and Audit, Azerbaijan State University of Economics (UNEC), Baku, Republic of Azerbaijan
4 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Vignan’s Institute of Information Technology, Visakhapatnam, 530049, India
5 Department of Information Systems, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, P.O.Box 84428, Riyadh, 11671, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Computer Sciences, College of Computing and Information System, Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia
7 Research Centre, Future University in Egypt, New Cairo, 11845, Egypt
8 Department of Computer Science, College of Sciences and Humanities-Aflaj, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Mesfer Al Duhayyim. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 74(1), 933-949.


Recently, Internet of Things (IoT) has been developed into a field of research and it purposes at linking many sensors enabling devices mostly to data collection and track applications. Wireless sensor network (WSN) is a vital element of IoT paradigm since its inception and has developed into one of the chosen platforms for deploying many smart city application regions such as disaster management, intelligent transportation, home automation, smart buildings, and other such IoT-based application. The routing approaches were extremely-utilized energy efficient approaches with an initial drive that is, for balancing the energy amongst sensor nodes. The clustering and routing procedures assumed that Non-Polynomial (NP) hard problems but bio-simulated approaches are utilized to a recognized time for resolving such problems. With this motivation, this paper presents a new blockchain with Enhanced Hunger Games Search based Route Planning (BCEHGS-RP) scheme for IoT assisted WSN. The presented BCEHGS-RP model majorly employs BC technology for secure communication in the IoT supported WSN environment. In addition, an effective multihop route planning approach was designed by the use of EHGS technique. The proposed EHGS technique is derived from the concept of Hill Climbing strategy (HCS) and HGS algorithm. Moreover, a fitness function with two parameters namely residual energy (RE) and inter-cluster distance to elect optimal routes. The performance validation of the BCEHGS-RP model is experimented with under diverse number of nodes. Extensive experimental outcomes highlighted the better performance of the BCEHGS-RP technique on recent approaches.


Cite This Article

M. V. Rajesh, T. Archana Acharya, H. Hajiyev, E. Laxmi Lydia, H. M. Alshahrani et al., "Blockchain driven metaheuristic route planning in secure wireless sensor networks," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 74, no.1, pp. 933–949, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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