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A New Hybrid Model for Segmentation of the Skin Lesion Based on Residual Attention U-Net

Saleh Naif Almuayqil1, Reham Arnous2,*, Noha Sakr3, Magdy M. Fadel3

1 Department of Information Systems, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Communications and Electronics, Delta Higher Institute for Engineering and Technology (DHIET), Mansoura, Egypt
3 Computers Engineering and Control Systems Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt

* Corresponding Author: Reham Arnous. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 75(3), 5177-5192.


Skin segmentation participates significantly in various biomedical applications, such as skin cancer identification and skin lesion detection. This paper presents a novel framework for segmenting the skin. The framework contains two main stages: The first stage is for removing different types of noises from the dermoscopic images, such as hair, speckle, and impulse noise, and the second stage is for segmentation of the dermoscopic images using an attention residual U-shaped Network (U-Net). The framework uses variational Autoencoders (VAEs) for removing the hair noises, the Generative Adversarial Denoising Network (DGAN-Net), the Denoising U-shaped U-Net (D-U-NET), and Batch Renormalization U-Net (Br-U-NET) for removing the speckle noise, and the Laplacian Vector Median Filter (MLVMF) for removing the impulse noise. In the second main stage, the residual attention u-net was used for segmentation. The framework achieves (35.11, 31.26, 27.01, and 26.16), (36.34, 33.23, 31.32, and 28.65), and (36.33, 32.21, 28.54, and 27.11) for removing hair, speckle, and impulse noise, respectively, based on Peak Signal Noise Ratio (PSNR) at the level of (0.1, 0.25, 0.5, and 0.75) of noise. The framework also achieves an accuracy of nearly 94.26 in the dice score in the process of segmentation before removing noise and 95.22 after removing different types of noise. The experiments have shown the efficiency of the used model in removing noise according to the structural similarity index measure (SSIM) and PSNR and in the segmentation process as well.


Cite This Article

S. N. Almuayqil, R. Arnous, N. Sakr and M. M. Fadel, "A new hybrid model for segmentation of the skin lesion based on residual attention u-net," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 75, no.3, pp. 5177–5192, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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