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An IoT-Based Aquaculture Monitoring System Using Firebase

Wen-Tsai Sung1, Indra Griha Tofik Isa1,2, Sung-Jung Hsiao3,*

1 Department of Electrical Engineering, National Chin-Yi University of Technology, Taichung, 411030, Taiwan
2 Department of Informatics Management, Politeknik Negeri Sriwijaya, Palembang, 30139, Indonesia
3 Department of Information Technology, Takming University of Science and Technology, Taipei City, 11451, Taiwan

* Corresponding Author: Sung-Jung Hsiao. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Development and Industrial Application of AI Technologies)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 76(2), 2179-2200.


Indonesia is a producer in the fisheries sector, with production reaching 14.8 million tons in 2022. The production potential of the fisheries sector can be optimally optimized through aquaculture management. One of the most important issues in aquaculture management is how to efficiently control the fish pond water conditions. IoT technology can be applied to support a fish pond aquaculture monitoring system, especially for catfish species (Siluriformes), in real-time and remotely. One of the technologies that can provide this convenience is the IoT. The problem of this study is how to integrate IoT devices with Firebase’s cloud data system to provide reliable and precise data, which makes it easy for fish cultivators to monitor fishpond conditions in real time and remotely. The IoT aquaculture fishpond monitoring use 3 parameters: (1) water temperature; (2) pH water level; and (3) turbidity level of pond water. IoT devices use temperature sensors, pH sensors, and turbidity sensors, which are integrated with a microcontroller and Wi-Fi module. Data from sensor readings are sent to the Firebase cloud via the Wi-Fi module so that it can be accessed in real time by end users with an Android-based mobile app. The findings are (1) the IoT-based aquaculture monitoring system device has a low error rate in measuring temprature, pH, and turbidity with a percentage of 1.75%, 1.94% and 9.78%, respectively. Overall, the total average error of the three components is 4.49%; (2) in cost analysis, IoT-based has a cost-effectiveness of 94.21% compared to labor costs. An IoT-based aquaculture monitoring system using Firebase can be effectively used as a technology for monitoring fish pond conditions in real-time and remotely for fish cultivators that contribute to providing an IoT-based aquaculture monitoring system that produces valid data, is precise, is easy to implement, and is a low-cost system.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Sung, W., Isa, I.G.T., Hsiao, S. (2023). An iot-based aquaculture monitoring system using firebase. Computers, Materials & Continua, 76(2), 2179-2200.
Vancouver Style
Sung W, Isa IGT, Hsiao S. An iot-based aquaculture monitoring system using firebase. Comput Mater Contin. 2023;76(2):2179-2200
IEEE Style
W. Sung, I.G.T. Isa, and S. Hsiao "An IoT-Based Aquaculture Monitoring System Using Firebase," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 2179-2200. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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