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Siamese Dense Pixel-Level Fusion Network for Real-Time UAV Tracking

Zhenyu Huang1,2, Gun Li2, Xudong Sun1, Yong Chen1, Jie Sun1, Zhangsong Ni1,*, Yang Yang1,*

1 Chengdu Fluid Dynamics Innovation Center, Chengdu, 610031, China
2 School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 611731, China

* Corresponding Authors: Zhangsong Ni. Email: email; Yang Yang. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 76(3), 3219-3238. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.039489

Abstract

Onboard visual object tracking in unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) has attracted much interest due to its versatility. Meanwhile, due to high precision, Siamese networks are becoming hot spots in visual object tracking. However, most Siamese trackers fail to balance the tracking accuracy and time within onboard limited computational resources of UAVs. To meet the tracking precision and real-time requirements, this paper proposes a Siamese dense pixel-level network for UAV object tracking named SiamDPL. Specifically, the Siamese network extracts features of the search region and the template region through a parameter-shared backbone network, then performs correlation matching to obtain the candidate region with high similarity. To improve the matching effect of template and search features, this paper designs a dense pixel-level feature fusion module to enhance the matching ability by pixel-wise correlation and enrich the feature diversity by dense connection. An attention module composed of self-attention and channel attention is introduced to learn global context information and selectively emphasize the target feature region in the spatial and channel dimensions. In addition, a target localization module is designed to improve target location accuracy. Compared with other advanced trackers, experiments on two public benchmarks, which are UAV123@10fps and UAV20L from the unmanned air vehicle123 (UAV123) dataset, show that SiamDPL can achieve superior performance and low complexity with a running speed of 100.1 fps on NVIDIA TITAN RTX.

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APA Style
Huang, Z., Li, G., Sun, X., Chen, Y., Sun, J. et al. (2023). Siamese dense pixel-level fusion network for real-time UAV tracking. Computers, Materials & Continua, 76(3), 3219-3238. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.039489
Vancouver Style
Huang Z, Li G, Sun X, Chen Y, Sun J, Ni Z, et al. Siamese dense pixel-level fusion network for real-time UAV tracking. Comput Mater Contin. 2023;76(3):3219-3238 https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.039489
IEEE Style
Z. Huang et al., "Siamese Dense Pixel-Level Fusion Network for Real-Time UAV Tracking," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 76, no. 3, pp. 3219-3238. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.039489



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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