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A New S-Box Design System for Data Encryption Using Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm

Yazeed Yasin Ghadi1, Mohammed S. Alshehri2, Sultan Almakdi2, Oumaima Saidani3,*, Nazik Alturki3, Fawad Masood4, Muhammad Shahbaz Khan5

1 Department of Computer Science, Al Ain University, Abu Dhabi, 112612, United Arab Emirates
2 Department of Computer Science, College of Computer Science and Information Systems, Najran University, Najran, 61441, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Information Systems, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, P.O. Box 84428, Riyadh, 11671, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Electrical Engineering, Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad, 4400, Pakistan
5 School of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh, EH10 5DT, UK

* Corresponding Author: Oumaima Saidani. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Multimedia Encryption and Information Security)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 77(1), 781-797.


Securing digital image data is a key concern in today’s information-driven society. Effective encryption techniques are required to protect sensitive image data, with the Substitution-box (S-box) often playing a pivotal role in many symmetric encryption systems. This study introduces an innovative approach to creating S-boxes for encryption algorithms. The proposed S-boxes are tested for validity and non-linearity by incorporating them into an image encryption scheme. The nonlinearity measure of the proposed S-boxes is 112. These qualities significantly enhance its resistance to common cryptographic attacks, ensuring high image data security. Furthermore, to assess the robustness of the S-boxes, an encryption system has also been proposed and the proposed S-boxes have been integrated into the designed encryption system. To validate the eectiveness of the proposed encryption system, a comprehensive security analysis including brute force attack and histogram analysis has been performed. In addition, to determine the level of security during the transmission and storage of digital content, the encryption system’s Number of Pixel Change Rate (NPCR), and Unified Averaged Changed Intensity (UACI) are calculated. The results indicate a 99.71% NPCR and 33.51% UACI. These results demonstrate that the proposed S-boxes offer a significant level of security for digital content throughout its transmission and storage.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Ghadi, Y.Y., Alshehri, M.S., Almakdi, S., Saidani, O., Alturki, N. et al. (2023). A new s-box design system for data encryption using artificial bee colony algorithm. Computers, Materials & Continua, 77(1), 781-797.
Vancouver Style
Ghadi YY, Alshehri MS, Almakdi S, Saidani O, Alturki N, Masood F, et al. A new s-box design system for data encryption using artificial bee colony algorithm. Comput Mater Contin. 2023;77(1):781-797
IEEE Style
Y.Y. Ghadi et al., "A New S-Box Design System for Data Encryption Using Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 781-797. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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