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Blockchain-Based Key Management Scheme Using Rational Secret Sharing

Xingfan Zhao1, Changgen Peng1,2,*, Weijie Tan2, Kun Niu1

1 State Key Laboratory of Public Big Data, College of Computer Science and Technology, Guizhou University, Guiyang, 550025, China
2 Guizhou Big Data Academy, Guizhou University, Guiyang, 550025, China

* Corresponding Author: Changgen Peng. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Security and Privacy for Blockchain-empowered Internet of Things)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2024, 79(1), 307-328.


Traditional blockchain key management schemes store private keys in the same location, which can easily lead to security issues such as a single point of failure. Therefore, decentralized threshold key management schemes have become a research focus for blockchain private key protection. The security of private keys for blockchain user wallet is highly related to user identity authentication and digital asset security. The threshold blockchain private key management schemes based on verifiable secret sharing have made some progress, but these schemes do not consider participants’ self-interested behavior, and require trusted nodes to keep private key fragments, resulting in a narrow application scope and low deployment efficiency, which cannot meet the needs of personal wallet private key escrow and recovery in public blockchains. We design a private key management scheme based on rational secret sharing that considers the self-interest of participants in secret sharing protocols, and constrains the behavior of rational participants through reasonable mechanism design, making it more suitable in distributed scenarios such as the public blockchain. The proposed scheme achieves the escrow and recovery of personal wallet private keys without the participation of trusted nodes, and simulate its implementation on smart contracts. Compared to other existing threshold wallet solutions and key management schemes based on password-protected secret sharing (PPSS), the proposed scheme has a wide range of applications, verifiable private key recovery, low communication overhead, higher computational efficiency when users perform one-time multi-key escrow, no need for trusted nodes, and personal rational constraints and anti-collusion attack capabilities.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Zhao, X., Peng, C., Tan, W., Niu, K. (2024). Blockchain-based key management scheme using rational secret sharing. Computers, Materials & Continua, 79(1), 307-328.
Vancouver Style
Zhao X, Peng C, Tan W, Niu K. Blockchain-based key management scheme using rational secret sharing. Comput Mater Contin. 2024;79(1):307-328
IEEE Style
X. Zhao, C. Peng, W. Tan, and K. Niu "Blockchain-Based Key Management Scheme Using Rational Secret Sharing," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 307-328. 2024.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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