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Upper and Lower Bounds of the α-Universal Triple I Method for Unified Interval Implications

Yiming Tang1,2, Jianwei Gao1,*, Yifan Huang1

1 School of Computer and Information, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, 230601, China
2 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6R 2V4, Canada

* Corresponding Author: Jianwei Gao. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Emerging Trends in Fuzzy Logic)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2024, 79(1), 1063-1088. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2024.049341

Abstract

The α-universal triple I (α-UTI) method is a recognized scheme in the field of fuzzy reasoning, which was proposed by our research group previously. The robustness of fuzzy reasoning determines the quality of reasoning algorithms to a large extent, which is quantified by calculating the disparity between the output of fuzzy reasoning with interference and the output without interference. Therefore, in this study, the interval robustness (embodied as the interval stability) of the α-UTI method is explored in the interval-valued fuzzy environment. To begin with, the stability of the α-UTI method is explored for the case of an individual rule, and the upper and lower bounds of its results are estimated, using four kinds of unified interval implications (including the R-interval implication, the S-interval implication, the QL-interval implication and the interval t-norm implication). Through analysis, it is found that the α-UTI method exhibits good interval stability for an individual rule. Moreover, the stability of the α-UTI method is revealed in the case of multiple rules, and the upper and lower bounds of its outcomes are estimated. The results show that the α-UTI method is stable for multiple rules when four kinds of unified interval implications are used, respectively. Lastly, the α-UTI reasoning chain method is presented, which contains a chain structure with multiple layers. The corresponding solutions and their interval perturbations are investigated. It is found that the α-UTI reasoning chain method is stable in the case of chain reasoning. Two application examples in affective computing are given to verify the stability of the α-UTI method. In summary, through theoretical proof and example verification, it is found that the α-UTI method has good interval robustness with four kinds of unified interval implications aiming at the situations of an individual rule, multi-rule and reasoning chain.

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APA Style
Tang, Y., Gao, J., Huang, Y. (2024). Upper and lower bounds of the <b>α</b>-universal triple I method for unified interval implications. Computers, Materials & Continua, 79(1), 1063-1088. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2024.049341
Vancouver Style
Tang Y, Gao J, Huang Y. Upper and lower bounds of the <b>α</b>-universal triple I method for unified interval implications. Comput Mater Contin. 2024;79(1):1063-1088 https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2024.049341
IEEE Style
Y. Tang, J. Gao, and Y. Huang "Upper and Lower Bounds of the <b>α</b>-Universal Triple I Method for Unified Interval Implications," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 1063-1088. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2024.049341



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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