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Load Frequency Control of Multi-interconnected Renewable Energy Plants Using Multi-Verse Optimizer

Hegazy Rezk1,*, Mohamed A. Mohamed2, Ahmed A. Zaki Diab2, N. Kanagaraj1

1 College of Engineering at Wadi Addawaser, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Wadi Addawaser, 11991, Saudi Arabia
2 Electrical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minia, 61111, Egypt

* Corresponding Author: Hegazy Rezk. Email:

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2021, 37(2), 219-231.


A reliable approach based on a multi-verse optimization algorithm (MVO) for designing load frequency control incorporated in multi-interconnected power system comprising wind power and photovoltaic (PV) plants is presented in this paper. It has been applied for optimizing the control parameters of the load frequency controller (LFC) of the multi-source power system (MSPS). The MSPS includes thermal, gas, and hydro power plants for energy generation. Moreover, the MSPS is integrated with renewable energy sources (RES). The MVO algorithm is applied to acquire the ideal parameters of the controller for controlling a single area and a multi-area MSPS integrated with RES. HVDC link is utilized in shunt with AC multi-areas interconnection tie line. The proposed scheme has achieved robust performance against the disturbance in loading conditions, variation of system parameters, and size of step load perturbation (SLP). Meanwhile, the simulation outcomes showed a good dynamic performance of the proposed controller.


Cite This Article

H. Rezk, M. A. Mohamed, A. A. Zaki Diab and N. Kanagaraj, "Load frequency control of multi-interconnected renewable energy plants using multi-verse optimizer," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 37, no.2, pp. 219–231, 2021.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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