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Flood Forecasting of Malaysia Kelantan River using Support Vector Regression Technique

Amrul Faruq1, Aminaton Marto2, Shahrum Shah Abdullah3,*

1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Malang, 65144, Indonesia
2 Centre for Tropical Geoengineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, 81310, Malaysia
3 Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 54100, Malaysia

* Corresponding Author: Shahrum Shah Abdullah. Email: email

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2021, 39(3), 297-306. https://doi.org/10.32604/csse.2021.017468

Abstract

The rainstorm is believed to contribute flood disasters in upstream catchments, resulting in further consequences in downstream area due to rise of river water levels. Forecasting for flood water level has been challenging, presenting complex task due to its nonlinearities and dependencies. This study proposes a support vector machine regression model, regarded as a powerful machine learning-based technique to forecast flood water levels in downstream area for different lead times. As a case study, Kelantan River in Malaysia has been selected to validate the proposed model. Four water level stations in river basin upstream were identified as input variables. A river water level in downstream area was selected as output of flood forecasting model. A comparison with several benchmarking models, including radial basis function (RBF) and nonlinear autoregressive with exogenous input (NARX) neural network was performed. The results demonstrated that in terms of RMSE error, NARX model was better for the proposed models. However, support vector regression (SVR) demonstrated a more consistent performance, indicated by the highest coefficient of determination value in twelve-hour period ahead of forecasting time. The findings of this study signified that SVR was more capable of addressing the long-term flood forecasting problems.

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APA Style
Faruq, A., Marto, A., Abdullah, S.S. (2021). Flood forecasting of malaysia kelantan river using support vector regression technique. Computer Systems Science and Engineering, 39(3), 297-306. https://doi.org/10.32604/csse.2021.017468
Vancouver Style
Faruq A, Marto A, Abdullah SS. Flood forecasting of malaysia kelantan river using support vector regression technique. Comput Syst Sci Eng. 2021;39(3):297-306 https://doi.org/10.32604/csse.2021.017468
IEEE Style
A. Faruq, A. Marto, and S.S. Abdullah "Flood Forecasting of Malaysia Kelantan River using Support Vector Regression Technique," Comput. Syst. Sci. Eng., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 297-306. 2021. https://doi.org/10.32604/csse.2021.017468



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