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Covid-19 Forecasting with Deep Learning-based Half-binomial Distribution Cat Swarm Optimization

P. Renukadevi1,*, A. Rajiv Kannan2
1 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Paavai Engineering College, Namakkal, 637018, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, K.S.R. College of Engineering, Tiruchengode, Namakkal, 637215, Tamil Nadu, India
* Corresponding Author: P. Renukadevi. Email:

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2023, 44(1), 629-645.

Received 09 October 2021; Accepted 10 January 2022; Issue published 01 June 2022


About 170 nations have been affected by the COvid VIrus Disease-19 (COVID-19) epidemic. On governing bodies across the globe, a lot of stress is created by COVID-19 as there is a continuous rise in patient count testing positive, and they feel challenging to tackle this situation. Most researchers concentrate on COVID-19 data analysis using the machine learning paradigm in these situations. In the previous works, Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) was used to predict future COVID-19 cases. According to LSTM network data, the outbreak is expected to finish by June 2020. However, there is a chance of an over-fitting problem in LSTM and true positive; it may not produce the required results. The COVID-19 dataset has lower accuracy and a higher error rate in the existing system. The proposed method has been introduced to overcome the above-mentioned issues. For COVID-19 prediction, a Linear Decreasing Inertia Weight-based Cat Swarm Optimization with Half Binomial Distribution based Convolutional Neural Network (LDIWCSO-HBDCNN) approach is presented. In this suggested research study, the COVID-19 predicting dataset is employed as an input, and the min-max normalization approach is employed to normalize it. Optimum features are selected using Linear Decreasing Inertia Weight-based Cat Swarm Optimization (LDIWCSO) algorithm, enhancing the accuracy of classification. The Cat Swarm Optimization (CSO) algorithm’s convergence is enhanced using inertia weight in the LDIWCSO algorithm. It is used to select the essential features using the best fitness function values. For a specified time across India, death and confirmed cases are predicted using the Half Binomial Distribution based Convolutional Neural Network (HBDCNN) technique based on selected features. As demonstrated by empirical observations, the proposed system produces significant performance in terms of f-measure, recall, precision, and accuracy.


Binomial distribution; min-max normalization; Cat Swarm Optimization (CSO); COVID-19 forecasting

Cite This Article

P. Renukadevi and A. Rajiv Kannan, "Covid-19 forecasting with deep learning-based half-binomial distribution cat swarm optimization," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 44, no.1, pp. 629–645, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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