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Al-Biruni Earth Radius Optimization for COVID-19 Forecasting

El-Sayed M. El-kenawy1, Abdelaziz A. Abdelhamid2,3, Abdelhameed Ibrahim4, Mostafa Abotaleb5, Tatiana Makarovskikh5, Amal H. Alharbi6,*, Doaa Sami Khafaga6

1 Department of Communications and Electronics, Delta Higher Institute of Engineering and Technology, Mansoura, 35111, Egypt
2 Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Computer and Information Sciences, Ain Shams University, 11566, Cairo, Egypt
3 Department of Computer Science, College of Computing and Information Technology, Shaqra University, 11961, Saudi Arabia
4 Computer Engineering and Control Systems Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, 35516, Mansoura, Egypt
5 Department of System Programming, South Ural State University, 454080, Chelyabinsk, Russia
6 Department of Computer Sciences, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, P.O. Box 84428, Riyadh, 11671, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Amal H. Alharbi. Email: email

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2023, 46(1), 883-896.


Several instances of pneumonia with no clear etiology were recorded in Wuhan, China, on December 31, 2019. The world health organization (WHO) called it COVID-19 that stands for “Coronavirus Disease 2019,” which is the second version of the previously known severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) Coronavirus and identified in short as (SARSCoV-2). There have been regular restrictions to avoid the infection spread in all countries, including Saudi Arabia. The prediction of new cases of infections is crucial for authorities to get ready for early handling of the virus spread. Methodology: Analysis and forecasting of epidemic patterns in new SARSCoV-2 positive patients are presented in this research using metaheuristic optimization and long short-term memory (LSTM). The optimization method employed for optimizing the parameters of LSTM is Al-Biruni Earth Radius (BER) algorithm. Results: To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology, a dataset is collected based on the recorded cases in Saudi Arabia between March 7th, 2020 and July 13th, 2022. In addition, six regression models were included in the conducted experiments to show the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed approach. The achieved results show that the proposed approach could reduce the mean square error (MSE), mean absolute error (MAE), and R2 by 5.92%, 3.66%, and 39.44%, respectively, when compared with the six base models. On the other hand, a statistical analysis is performed to measure the significance of the proposed approach. Conclusions: The achieved results confirm the effectiveness, superiority, and significance of the proposed approach in predicting the infection cases of COVID-19.


Cite This Article

APA Style
El-kenawy, E.M., Abdelhamid, A.A., Ibrahim, A., Abotaleb, M., Makarovskikh, T. et al. (2023). Al-biruni earth radius optimization for COVID-19 forecasting. Computer Systems Science and Engineering, 46(1), 883-896.
Vancouver Style
El-kenawy EM, Abdelhamid AA, Ibrahim A, Abotaleb M, Makarovskikh T, Alharbi AH, et al. Al-biruni earth radius optimization for COVID-19 forecasting. Comput Syst Sci Eng. 2023;46(1):883-896
IEEE Style
E.M. El-kenawy et al., "Al-Biruni Earth Radius Optimization for COVID-19 Forecasting," Comput. Syst. Sci. Eng., vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 883-896. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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