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Green Measurements for Software Product Based on Sustainability Dimensions

Komeil Raisian1, Jamaiah Yahaya2,*, Aziz Deraman3

1 Department of Computer, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2 Faculty of Information Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, 43600, Selangor, Malaysia
3 Faculty of Ocean Technology Engineering & Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030, Terengganu, Malaysia

* Corresponding Author: Jamaiah Yahaya. Email: email

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2022, 41(1), 271-288.


Software is a central component in the modern world and vastly affects the environment’s sustainability. The demand for energy and resource requirements is rising when producing hardware and software units. Literature study reveals that many studies focused on green hardware; however, limited efforts were made in the greenness of software products. Green software products are necessary to solve the issues and problems related to the long-term use of software, especially from a sustainability perspective. Without a proper mechanism for measuring the greenness of a particular software product executed in a specific environment, the mentioned benefits will not be attained. Currently, there are not enough works to address this problem, and the green status of software products is uncertain and unsure. This paper aims to identify the green measurements based on sustainable dimensions in a software product. The second objective is to reveal the relationships between the elements and measurements through empirical study. The study is conducted in two phases. The first phase is the theoretical phase, where the main components, measurements and practices that influence the sustainability of a software product are identified. The second phase is the empirical study that involved 103 respondents in Malaysia investigating current practices of green software in the industrial environment and further identifying the main sustainability dimensions and measurements and their impact on achieving green software products. This study has revealed seven green measurements of software product: Productivity, Usability, Cost Reduction, Employee Support, Energy Efficiency, Resource Efficiency and Tool Support. The relationships are statistically significant, with a significance level of less than 0.01 (p = 0.000). Thus, the hypothesised relationships were all accepted. The contributions of this study revolve around the research perspectives of the measurements to attain a green software product.


Cite This Article

K. Raisian, J. Yahaya and A. Deraman, "Green measurements for software product based on sustainability dimensions," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 41, no.1, pp. 271–288, 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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