Vol.41, No.3, 2022, pp.1241-1253, doi:10.32604/csse.2022.021997
Interactive Middleware Services for Heterogeneous Systems
  • Vasanthi Raghupathy1,*, Osamah Ibrahim Khalaf2, Carlos Andrés Tavera Romero3, Sudhakar Sengan4, Dilip Kumar Sharma5
1 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Tagore Institute of Engineering and Technology, Attur, 636112, India
2 Al-Nahrain University, Al-Nahrain Nanorenewable Energy Research Center, Baghdad, Iraq
3 Universidad Santiago de Cali in Cali Colombia, South America
4 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, PSN College of Engineering and Technology, Tirunelveli, 627152, India
5 Department of Mathematics, Jaypee University of Engineering and Technology, Guna, 473226, India
* Corresponding Author: Vasanthi Raghupathy. Email:
Received 22 July 2021; Accepted 23 August 2021; Issue published 10 November 2021
Computing has become more invisible, widespread and ubiquitous since the inception of the Internet of Things (IoT) and Web of Things. Multiple devices that surround us meet user’s requirements everywhere. Multiple Middleware Framework (MF) designs have come into existence because of the rapid development of interactive services in Heterogeneous Systems. This resulted in the delivery of interactive services throughout Heterogeneous Environments (HE). Users are given free navigation between devices in a widespread environment and continuously interact with each other from any chosen device. Numerous interactive devices with recent interactive platforms (for example, Smart Phones, Mobile Phones, Personal Computer (PC) and Personal Digital Assistant (PDA)) are available in the market. For easy access to information and services irrespective of the device used for working and even at the drastic change of the environment, the execution of applications on a broad spectrum of computing devices is propelled by the availability of the above-mentioned platforms. Different applications that need interoperability to coordinate and correspond with each other should be facilitated. Using a standard interface and data format, HE must link various devices from various platforms together to communicate with each other. To aid the interactive services performed by a middleware framework that operates on Application Programming Interface (API) over HEs, this issue aims to endorse an Adaptable Service Application Programming Interface (ASAPI).
Middleware; services; ontology; interoperability
Cite This Article
Raghupathy, V., Khalaf, O. I., Andrés, C., Sengan, S., Sharma, D. K. (2022). Interactive Middleware Services for Heterogeneous Systems. Computer Systems Science and Engineering, 41(3), 1241–1253.
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