Open Access


Multi-Headed Deep Learning Models to Detect Abnormality of Alzheimer’s Patients

S. Meenakshi Ammal*, P. S. Manoharan
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai, 625 015, Tamil Nadu, India
* Corresponding Author: S. Meenakshi Ammal. Email:

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2023, 44(1), 367-390.

Received 17 November 2021; Accepted 05 January 2022; Issue published 01 June 2022


Worldwide, many elders are suffering from Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The elders with AD exhibit various abnormalities in their activities, such as sleep disturbances, wandering aimlessly, forgetting activities, etc., which are the strong signs and symptoms of AD progression. Recognizing these symptoms in advance could assist to a quicker diagnosis and treatment and to prevent the progression of Disease to the next stage. The proposed method aims to detect the behavioral abnormalities found in Daily activities of AD patients (ADP) using wearables. In the proposed work, a publicly available dataset collected using wearables is applied. Currently, no real-world data is available to illustrate the daily activities of ADP. Hence, the proposed method has synthesized the wearables data according to the abnormal activities of ADP. In the proposed work, multi-headed (MH) architectures such as MH Convolutional Neural Network-Long Short-Term Memory Network (CNN-LSTM), MH one-dimensional Convolutional Neural Network (1D-CNN) and MH two dimensional Convolutional Neural Network (2D-CNN) as well as conventional methods, namely CNN-LSTM, 1D-CNN, 2D-CNN have been implemented to model activity pattern. A multi-label prediction technique is applied to detect abnormal activities. The results obtained show that the proposed MH architectures achieve improved performance than the conventional methods. Moreover, the MH models for activity recognition perform better than the abnormality detection.


Alzheimer’s disease; abnormal activity detection; classifier chain; multi-headed CNN-LSTM; wearable sensor

Cite This Article

S. Meenakshi Ammal and P. S. Manoharan, "Multi-headed deep learning models to detect abnormality of alzheimer’s patients," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 44, no.1, pp. 367–390, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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