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Efficient Energy and Delay Reduction Model for Wireless Sensor Networks

Arslan Iftikhar1, M. A. Elmagzoub2, Ansar Munir1,*, Hamad Abosaq Al Salem2, Mahmood ul Hassan3, Jarallah Alqahtani2, Asadullah Shaikh2
1 Institute of Southern Punjab, Multan, 60000, Pakistan
2 College of Computer Science and Information Systems, Najran University, Najran, 61441, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Computer Skills, Deanship of Preparatory Year, Najran University, Najran, 61441, Saudi Arabia
* Corresponding Author: Ansar Munir. Email:

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2023, 46(1), 1153-1168. https://doi.org/10.32604/csse.2023.030802

Received 02 April 2022; Accepted 24 June 2022; Issue published 20 January 2023

Abstract

In every network, delay and energy are crucial for communication and network life. In wireless sensor networks, many tiny nodes create networks with high energy consumption and compute routes for better communication. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is a very complex scenario to compute minimal delay with data aggregation and energy efficiency. In this research, we compute minimal delay and energy efficiency for improving the quality of service of any WSN. The proposed work is based on energy and distance parameters as taken dependent variables with data aggregation. Data aggregation performs on different models, namely Hybrid-Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (H-LEACH), Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH), and Multi-Aggregator-based Multi-Cast (MAMC). The main contribution of this research is to a reduction in delay and optimized energy solution, a novel hybrid model design in this research that ensures the quality of service in WSN. This model includes a whale optimization technique that involves heterogeneous functions and performs optimization to reach optimized results. For cluster head selection, Stable Election Protocol (SEP) protocol is used and Power-Efficient Gathering in Sensor Information Systems (PEGASIS) is used for driven-path in routing. Simulation results evaluate that H-LEACH provides minimal delay and energy consumption by sensor nodes. In the comparison of existing theories and our proposed method, H-LEACH is providing energy and delay reduction and improvement in quality of service. MATLAB 2019 is used for simulation work.

Keywords

Data aggregation; wireless sensor network; energy efficiency; quality of services; delay reduction

Cite This Article

A. Iftikhar, M. A. Elmagzoub, A. Munir, H. A. Al Salem, M. U. Hassan et al., "Efficient energy and delay reduction model for wireless sensor networks," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 46, no.1, pp. 1153–1168, 2023.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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