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Improved Hybrid Swarm Intelligence for Optimizing the Energy in WSN

Ahmed Najat Ahmed1, JinHyung Kim2, Yunyoung Nam3,*, Mohamed Abouhawwash4,5

1 Department of Computer Engineering, Lebanese French University, Erbil, 44001, Iraq
2 B LIFE Inc., Suwon, 16463, Korea
3 Department of ICT Convergence, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, 31538, Korea
4 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, 35516, Egypt
5 Department of Computational Mathematics, Science, and Engineering (CMSE), Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA

* Corresponding Author: Yunyoung Nam. Email: email

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2023, 46(2), 2527-2542.


In this current century, most industries are moving towards automation, where human intervention is dramatically reduced. This revolution leads to industrial revolution 4.0, which uses the Internet of Things (IoT) and wireless sensor networks (WSN). With its associated applications, this IoT device is used to compute the received WSN data from devices and transfer it to remote locations for assistance. In general, WSNs, the gateways are a long distance from the base station (BS) and are communicated through the gateways nearer to the BS. At the gateway, which is closer to the BS, energy drains faster because of the heavy load, which leads to energy issues around the BS. Since the sensors are battery-operated, either replacement or recharging of those sensor node batteries is not possible after it is deployed to their corresponding areas. In that situation, energy plays a vital role in sensor survival. Concerning reducing the network energy consumption and increasing the network lifetime, this paper proposed an efficient cluster head selection using Improved Social spider Optimization with a Rough Set (ISSRS) and routing path selection to reduce the network load using the Improved Grey wolf optimization (IGWO) approach. (i) Using ISSRS, the initial clusters are formed with the local nodes, and the cluster head is chosen. (ii) Load balancing through routing path selection using IGWO. The simulation results prove that the proposed optimization-based approaches efficiently reduce the energy through load balancing compared to existing systems in terms of energy efficiency, packet delivery ratio, network throughput, and packet loss percentage.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Ahmed, A.N., Kim, J., Nam, Y., Abouhawwash, M. (2023). Improved hybrid swarm intelligence for optimizing the energy in WSN. Computer Systems Science and Engineering, 46(2), 2527-2542.
Vancouver Style
Ahmed AN, Kim J, Nam Y, Abouhawwash M. Improved hybrid swarm intelligence for optimizing the energy in WSN. Comput Syst Sci Eng. 2023;46(2):2527-2542
IEEE Style
A.N. Ahmed, J. Kim, Y. Nam, and M. Abouhawwash "Improved Hybrid Swarm Intelligence for Optimizing the Energy in WSN," Comput. Syst. Sci. Eng., vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 2527-2542. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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