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Automated Spam Review Detection Using Hybrid Deep Learning on Arabic Opinions

Ibrahim M. Alwayle1, Badriyya B. Al-onazi2, Mohamed K. Nour3, Khaled M. Alalayah1, Khadija M. Alaidarous1, Ibrahim Abdulrab Ahmed4, Amal S. Mehanna5, Abdelwahed Motwakel6,*

1 Department of Computer Science, College of Science and Arts, Sharurah, Najran University, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Language Preparation, Arabic Language Teaching Institute, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, P.O. Box 84428, Riyadh, 11671, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Computer Sciences, College of Computing and Information System, Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia
4 Computer Department, Applied College, Najran University, Najran, 66462, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Digital Media, Faculty of Computers and Information Technology, Future University in Egypt, New Cairo, 11845, Egypt
6 Department of Computer and Self Development, Preparatory Year Deanship, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, AlKharj, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Abdelwahed Motwakel. Email: email

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2023, 46(3), 2947-2961.


Online reviews regarding purchasing services or products offered are the main source of users’ opinions. To gain fame or profit, generally, spam reviews are written to demote or promote certain targeted products or services. This practice is called review spamming. During the last few years, various techniques have been recommended to solve the problem of spam reviews. Previous spam detection study focuses on English reviews, with a lesser interest in other languages. Spam review detection in Arabic online sources is an innovative topic despite the vast amount of data produced. Thus, this study develops an Automated Spam Review Detection using optimal Stacked Gated Recurrent Unit (SRD-OSGRU) on Arabic Opinion Text. The presented SRD-OSGRU model mainly intends to classify Arabic reviews into two classes: spam and truthful. Initially, the presented SRD-OSGRU model follows different levels of data preprocessing to convert the actual review data into a compatible format. Next, unigram and bigram feature extractors are utilized. The SGRU model is employed in this study to identify and classify Arabic spam reviews. Since the trial-and-error adjustment of hyperparameters is a tedious process, a white shark optimizer (WSO) is utilized, boosting the detection efficiency of the SGRU model. The experimental validation of the SRD-OSGRU model is assessed under two datasets, namely DOSC dataset. An extensive comparison study pointed out the enhanced performance of the SRD-OSGRU model over other recent approaches.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Alwayle, I.M., Al-onazi, B.B., Nour, M.K., Alalayah, K.M., Alaidarous, K.M. et al. (2023). Automated spam review detection using hybrid deep learning on arabic opinions. Computer Systems Science and Engineering, 46(3), 2947-2961.
Vancouver Style
Alwayle IM, Al-onazi BB, Nour MK, Alalayah KM, Alaidarous KM, Ahmed IA, et al. Automated spam review detection using hybrid deep learning on arabic opinions. Comput Syst Sci Eng. 2023;46(3):2947-2961
IEEE Style
I.M. Alwayle et al., "Automated Spam Review Detection Using Hybrid Deep Learning on Arabic Opinions," Comput. Syst. Sci. Eng., vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 2947-2961. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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