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CBOE Volatility Index Forecasting under COVID-19: An Integrated BiLSTM-ARIMA-GARCH Model

Min Hyung Park1, Dongyan Nan2,3, Yerin Kim1, Jang Hyun Kim1,2,3,*

1 Department of Applied Artificial Intelligence, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, 03063, Korea
2 Department of Human-Artificial Intelligence Interaction, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, 03063, Korea
3 Department of Interaction Science, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, 03063, Korea

* Corresponding Author: Jang Hyun Kim. Email: email

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2023, 47(1), 121-134.


After the outbreak of COVID-19, the global economy entered a deep freeze. This observation is supported by the Volatility Index (VIX), which reflects the market risk expected by investors. In the current study, we predicted the VIX using variables obtained from the sentiment analysis of data on Twitter posts related to the keyword “COVID-19,” using a model integrating the bidirectional long-term memory (BiLSTM), autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) algorithm, and generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (GARCH) model. The Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) program and Valence Aware Dictionary for Sentiment Reasoning (VADER) model were utilized as sentiment analysis methods. The results revealed that during COVID-19, the proposed integrated model, which trained both the Twitter sentiment values and historical VIX values, presented better results in forecasting the VIX in time-series regression and direction prediction than those of the other existing models.


Cite This Article

M. H. Park, D. Nan, Y. Kim and J. H. Kim, "Cboe volatility index forecasting under covid-19: an integrated bilstm-arima-garch model," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 47, no.1, pp. 121–134, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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