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Performance Assessment of Heat Exchangers for Process Heat Integration

Fenwicks Shombe Musonye1,*, Hiram Ndiritu2, Robert Kinyua3

1 Institute of Energy and Environmental Technology, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya
2 College of Engineering and Technology, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya
3 Office of the Deputy Vice Chancellor (Academic Affairs), Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya

* Corresponding Author: Fenwicks Shombe Musonye. Email: email

Energy Engineering 2021, 118(2), 211-224. https://doi.org/10.32604/EE.2021.013890

Abstract

Pinch Analysis is an attractive solution for reduction of thermal energy costs in thermo-chemical industries. In this approach, maximum internally recoverable heat is determined and a heat exchange network is designed to meet the recovery targets. The thermal performance of a heat exchanger over its lifetime is however a concern to industries. Thermal performance of a heat exchanger is affected by many factors which include the physical properties of the shell and tube materials, and the chemical properties of the heat transfer fluid. In this study, thermal performance of shell and tube heat exchangers designed to meet heat recovery targets in a Pinch Analysis study is simulated. The aim of this paper is to present predictions of thermal performances of shell and tube heat exchangers with different heat transfer fluids and geometries as they undergo fouling degradation. Engineering approaches based on thermodynamic analysis, heat balance and Kern Design equations, as well as what-if simulation modeling are used in this work. Shell and tube heat exchangers were designed to meet internal heat recovery targets for three process plants, A, B and C. These targets were published in a separate paper. The effects of degradation of the tubes-due to incremental growth of fouling resistance - on thermal performance of the exchanger were simulated using Visual Basic Analysis (VBA). Overall, it was found that growth in fouling reduces thermal efficiency of shell and tube heat exchangers with an exponential relationship. An increase of 100% of fouling resistance leads to an average reduction of 0.37% heat transfer. Higher values of logarithmic mean temperature difference (LMTD) and higher ratios of external diameter to internal diameter of the exchanger tubes amplify the effect of fouling growth on thermal performance of the exchangers. The results of this work can be applied in pinch analysis, during design of heat exchangers to meet the internal heat recovery targets, especially in predicting how fouling growth can affect these targets. This can also be useful in helping operators of shell and tube heat exchangers to determine cleaning intervals of the exchangers to avoid heat transfer loss.

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Musonye, F.S., Ndiritu, H., Kinyua, R. (2021). Performance assessment of heat exchangers for process heat integration. Energy Engineering, 118(2), 211-224. https://doi.org/10.32604/EE.2021.013890
Vancouver Style
Musonye FS, Ndiritu H, Kinyua R. Performance assessment of heat exchangers for process heat integration. Energ Eng. 2021;118(2):211-224 https://doi.org/10.32604/EE.2021.013890
IEEE Style
F.S. Musonye, H. Ndiritu, and R. Kinyua "Performance Assessment of Heat Exchangers for Process Heat Integration," Energ. Eng., vol. 118, no. 2, pp. 211-224. 2021. https://doi.org/10.32604/EE.2021.013890



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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