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Experimental and Theoretical Analysis of a Novel Cascade Solar Desalination Still

M. Bouzaid1,*, O. Ansari1, M. Taha-Janan1, M. Oubrek1
Laboratoire de Mécanique Appliquée et Technologies, Centre de Recherche en Sciences et Technologies Industrielles et de la Santé, ENSET, Mohammed V University in RABAT, Avenue de l’Armée Royale, BP 6207 Rabat-Instituts, Morocco.
* Corresponding Author: M. Bouzaid. Email: .

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2018, 14(3), 177-200. https://doi.org/ 10.3970/fdmp.2018.00330

Abstract

Ocean water is characterized by very high salinity, which generally makes it unsuitable for human or animal's needs. The production of potable water from the ocean, therefore, requires a desalination process, which is often regarded as the crucial limitation to overcome towards widespread use of ocean water as the primary source of water for human consumption. In this study, we analyze both experimentally and theoretically the thermal performances and productivity of a solar still based on a novel form of absorber plate. The related system of energy equations consists of five heat exchange relationships in the form of first differential equations, which we solve using a proper numerical method (implemented using the C++ language). The new still performances predicted theoretically are compared with experimental results for several cases and conditions.

Keywords

Desalination, solar still, basin type solar still, cascade solar still, brackish water.

Cite This Article

Bouzaid, M., Ansari, O., Taha-Janan, M., Oubrek, M. (2018). Experimental and Theoretical Analysis of a Novel Cascade Solar Desalination Still. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 14(3), 177–200.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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