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The Relationship between Urbanization and Domestic Energy Consumption: An Empirical Study of Shandong Province, China

Doudou Liu1,*, Liang Qiao2,3, Feng Zhang4, Xueliang Yuan2

1 School of Management Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Finance and Economics, Jinan, 250014, China
2 National Engineering Laboratory for Reducing Emissions from Coal Combustion, Engineering Research Center of Environmental Thermal Technology of Ministry of Education, Shandong Key Laboratory of Energy Carbon Reduction and Resource Utilization, Research Center for Sustainable Development, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, 250061, China
3 Housing and Urban-Rural Development Institute of Shandong Province, Jinan, 250004, China
4 Shandong Academy of Environmental Sciences, Jinan, 250001, China

* Corresponding Author: Doudou Liu. Email: email

Energy Engineering 2021, 118(5), 1395-1409.


The rapid development of urbanization has led to a rapid increase in total energy consumption. The proportion of domestic energy consumption to total energy consumption has gradually increased and has become the major driving force for energy consumption. With the pressure from urbanization and domestic energy consumption, it is necessary to study the impact of urbanization on domestic energy consumption of the regional level and to explore the function paths of these two factors. The findings are helpful to realize sustainable development based on the actual situation analysis, horizontal survey data and statistical yearbook panel data. The current situation and changing trends in domestic energy consumption of Shandong Province are systematically examined through field investigation and survey questionnaire. The time-series econometric model is applied to analyze the relationship between urbanization rate and total domestic energy consumption. The research results show that the total domestic energy consumption and urbanization rate of Shandong are generally increasing. The urbanization rate development and domestic energy consumption have a long-term stable and balanced relationship. An increase in urbanization rate can cause an increase in domestic energy consumption. There is a slight difference between the average total energy consumption levels of urban and rural residents, but their energy consumption structures differ a lot. These findings provide basic data support and reference for local governments to formulate energy- conservation and emission-reduction policies.


Cite This Article

Liu, D., Qiao, L., Zhang, F., Yuan, X. (2021). The Relationship between Urbanization and Domestic Energy Consumption: An Empirical Study of Shandong Province, China. Energy Engineering, 118(5), 1395–1409.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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