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Modelling and Optimal Design of Hybrid Power System Photovoltaic/Solid Oxide Fuel Cell for a Mediterranean City

Bachir Melzi1, Nesrine Kefif2, Mamdouh El Haj Assad3,*, Haleh Delnava4, Abdulkadir Hamid5
1 School of Materials Sciences and Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, China
2 Power and Control Department, Electronic and Electrical Engineering Institute, M'hamed Bougara University, Boumerdes, Algeria
3 Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering Department, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
4 Institute of Manufacturing Information and Systems, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
5 Electrical Engineering Department, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
* Corresponding Author: Mamdouh El Haj Assad. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Energy)

Energy Engineering 2021, 118(6), 1767-1781. https://doi.org/10.32604/EE.2021.017270

Received 27 April 2021; Accepted 03 August 2021; Issue published 10 September 2021

Abstract

This work presents a hybrid power system consisting of photovoltaic and solid oxide fuel cell (PV-SOFC) for electricity production and hydrogen production. The simulation of this hybrid system is adjusted for Bou-Zedjar city in north Algeria. Homer software was used for this simulation to calculate the power output and the total net present cost. The method used depends on the annual average monthly values of clearness index and radiation for which the energy contributions are determined for each component of PV/SOFC hybrid system. The economic study is more important criterion in the proposed hybrid system, and the results show that the cost is very suitable for the use of this hybrid system, which ensures that the area is fed continuously with the sufficient energy for the load which assumed to be 500 kW in the peak season. The optimized results of the present study show that the photovoltaic is capable of generating 8733 kW electricity while the SOFC produces 500 kW electricity. The electrolyzer is capable of producing 238750 kg of hydrogen which is used as fuel in the SOFC to compensate the energy lack in nights and during peak season.

Keywords

Energy storage; PV/SOFC; hybrid systems; hydrogen production; energy and economic optimization

Cite This Article

Melzi, B., Kefif, N., El, M., Delnava, H., Hamid, A. (2021). Modelling and Optimal Design of Hybrid Power System Photovoltaic/Solid Oxide Fuel Cell for a Mediterranean City. Energy Engineering, 118(6), 1767–1781.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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