Advanced Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Energy

Submission Deadline: 30 September 2021 (closed)

Guest Editors

Dr K.Sudhakar, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
Dr. S. Shanmuga Priya, Manipal Institute of Technology, India
Dr. Erdem Cuce, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, Turkey

Summary

Energy and Environmental Sustainability is highly desired for the globe due to climate change and associated environmental issues. The study of energy conversion and storage is an essential research field for the sustainable development of humanity, which has attracted the significant attention of worldwide researchers in recent decades. The development of advanced materials to increase energy conversion and utilization is, therefore, becoming imperative. Over the past few decades, these technologies have been fuelled by new materials, advanced devices and novel systems. State-of-the-art research studies to develop novel materials to achieve the commercialization of sustainable energy conversion and storage are very much emphasized. This Special Issue, “Advanced materials and technologies for sustainable energy,” aims to document and report the state-of-the-art research developments, new results, review and case studies of novel nanomaterials and the engineering of the device for efficient and sustainable energy conversion. 

The scope of the Special Issue included but not limited to:

• Phase change materials for energy application;

• Advanced nano-fluids for energy application;

• Advanced materials for energy efficient buildings;

• Materials for energy storage;

• Materials for Hydrogen & Fuel cell;

• Materials for carbon capture;

• Biomaterials;

• Waste materials to fuels;

• Energy, Energy and Environmental analysis of the system.


Keywords

Novel materials, new technologies, Phase change materials, energy storage materials, nano-fluids

Published Papers


  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Application of Submerged Ultrafiltration in Pretreatment of Flue Gas Desulfurization Wastewater

    Jiageng Zhang, Zhengfeng Wang, Jiguang Huang, Chao Cheng, Heng Zhang, Dan Gao
    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.6, pp. 2277-2296, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.020795
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Energy)
    Abstract

    Nowadays, the zero liquid discharge of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) wastewater from coal-fired units has attracted the attention of all countries in the world. The pretreatment methods generally have the problems of high operation cost, small treatment capacity, and poor flexibility. However, the membrane method can avoid the above problems. In the current research, it has not been found that someone directly uses submerged ultrafiltration to pretreat FGD wastewater. Therefore, this paper innovatively proposed to directly use ceramic ultrafiltration membrane to treat FGD wastewater, which can ensure effluent quality and improve the flexibility of the pretreatment system. In this paper,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Varying Temperature and Oxygen on Particulate Matter Formation in Oxy-Biomass Combustion

    Chen Wang, Cicilia Kemunto Mesa, Samuel Bimenyimana, Nathan Bogonko, George Adwek, Yiyi Mo, Godwin Norense Osarumwense Asemota, Changfu Yuan, Yaowen Chen, Changtai Li, Etienne Ntagwirumugara, Aphrodis Nduwamungu
    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.3, pp. 863-881, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.019248
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Energy)
    Abstract Offsetting particulate matter emissions has become a critical global aim as there are concerted efforts to deal with environmental and energy poverty challenges. This study consists of investigations of computing emissions of particulate matter from biomass fuels in various atmospheres and temperatures. The laboratory setup included a fixed bed electric reactor and a particulate matter (PM) measuring machine interfaced with the flue gas from the fixed bed reactor combustion chamber. The experiments were conducted at seven different temperatures (600°C–1200°C) and six incremental oxygen concentrations (21%–100%). Five biomass types were studied; A-cornstalk, B-wood, C-wheat straw, D-Rice husk, E-Peanut shell, each pulverized… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Effect of Varying Temperature and Oxygen on Particulate Matter Formation in Oxy-Biomass Combustion

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Thermal Conductivity of Tube-Wall on Blow-Off Limit of a Micro-Jet Methane Diffusion Flame

    Bing Liu, Yikun Chen, Huachen Liu, Qiao Wu, Minghui Wang, Jianlong Wan
    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.2, pp. 815-826, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.017988
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Energy)
    Abstract The operating range of the flow rate or flow velocity for the micro-jet flame is quite wide, which can be used as the heat source. In order to optimize the micro-jet tube combustor in terms of the solid material, the present paper numerically investigates the impact of thermal conductivity (λs) on the operating limit of micro-jet flame. Unexpectedly, the non-monotonic blow-off limits with the increase of λs is found, and the corresponding generation mechanisms are analyzed in terms of the thermal coupling effect, flow field, and strain effect. At first, the lower preheating temperature of the fuel and larger heat… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Energy and Life Cycle Assessment of Zinc/Water Nanofluid Based Photovoltaic Thermal System

    Junaid Khan, Rashid Ali, Muzammil Zubair, Syed Mohd Yahya
    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.2, pp. 827-846, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.016344
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Energy)
    Abstract Cooling the PV surface in a Photovoltaic Thermal system is a pivotal operational aspect to be taken into account to achieve optimized values of performance parameters in a Photovoltaic Thermal System. The experimental design used in this study facilitates the flow of varying concentrations of Zn-water nanofluid in serpentine copper tubing installed at the rear of the PV panel thereby preventing the PV surface temperature from increasing beyond the threshold value at which a decrease in electrical efficiency starts to occur. This fusion of solar thermal with PV devices leads to better electrical and thermal efficiency values resulting in decreased… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Impact of Flow Rate in Integration with Solar Radiation on Color and COD Removal in Dye Contaminated Textile Industry Wastewater: Optimization Study

    Pradeep K. Majhi, Rifat Azam, Richa Kothari, Naveen Kumar Arora, V. V. Tyagi
    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.1, pp. 419-427, 2022, DOI:10.32604/EE.2022.016973
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Energy)
    Abstract Dyes are an integral part of the dying industry and have significantly resulted in environmental pollution by altering the standard water quality after their discharge into the water bodies. The culprits behind the altered water quality are the pretreatment chemicals used during dying manufacturing processes. Various advanced treatment methods using conventional and advanced treatment options including solar energy have been put forth by researchers for the treatment of the dying effluents but, these methods have not proved significantly considerable. Therefore, the present study intends to check the efficiency of solar parabolic trough collector for treating the dying effluents in terms… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Flow Field Geometry on Hydrodynamics of Flow in Redox Flow Battery

    M. Narendra Kumar, S. Manoj Kumar, G. C. Vijayakumar, K. Kadirgama, M. Samykano, Krishna Venkatesh, H. B. Murlidhara
    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.1, pp. 201-217, 2022, DOI:10.32604/EE.2022.016597
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Energy)
    Abstract This study computationally investigates the hydrodynamics of different serpentine flow field designs for redox flow batteries, which considers the Poiseuille flow in the flow channel and the Darcy flow porous substrate. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) results of the in-house developed code based on Finite Volume Method (FVM) for conventional serpentine flow field (CSFF) agreed well with those obtained via experiment. The deviation for pressure drop was less than 5.1% for all the flow rates, thus proving the present CFD analysis’s validity on the modified variation of serpentine flow fields. Modified serpentine flow field-2 (MSFF2) design provided least pressure drop across… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modelling and Optimal Design of Hybrid Power System Photovoltaic/Solid Oxide Fuel Cell for a Mediterranean City

    Bachir Melzi, Nesrine Kefif, Mamdouh El Haj Assad, Haleh Delnava, Abdulkadir Hamid
    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.6, pp. 1767-1781, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.017270
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Energy)
    Abstract This work presents a hybrid power system consisting of photovoltaic and solid oxide fuel cell (PV-SOFC) for electricity production and hydrogen production. The simulation of this hybrid system is adjusted for Bou-Zedjar city in north Algeria. Homer software was used for this simulation to calculate the power output and the total net present cost. The method used depends on the annual average monthly values of clearness index and radiation for which the energy contributions are determined for each component of PV/SOFC hybrid system. The economic study is more important criterion in the proposed hybrid system, and the results show that… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improved Thermophysical Properties of Developed Ternary Nitrate-Based Phase Change Material Incorporated with MXene as Novel Nanocomposites

    I. Samylingam, Navid Aslfattahi, K. Kadirgama, Mahendran Samykano, L. Samylingam, R. Saidur
    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.5, pp. 1253-1265, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.016087
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Energy)
    Abstract In this study, nanocomposite of ternary nitrate molten salt induced with MXene is developed. LiNO3-NaNO3-KNO3 with wt% of 35:12:53 and 35:10:55 are produced and doped with MXene in the wt% of 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5. FTIR result indicates the composites had no chemical reaction occurred during the preparation. UV-VIS analysis shows the absorption enhancement with respect to the concentration of MXene. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was used to measure the thermal stability of the LiNO3-NaNO3-KNO3 induced with MXene. The ternary molten salts were stable at temperature range of 600–700°C. Thermal stability increases with the addition of MXene. 1.5 wt% of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Statistical Model for Impact and Energy Absorption of 3D Printed Coconut Wood-PLA

    J. Kananathan, M. Samykano, K. Kadirgama, D. Ramasamy, M. M. Rahman
    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.5, pp. 1305-1315, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.016131
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Energy)
    Abstract Fused deposition modeling (FDM)-3D printing has been the favored technology to build functional components in various industries. The present study investigates infill percentage and infill pattern effects on the printed parts’ impact properties through the 3D printing technique using coconut wood-filled PLA composites. Mathematical models are also proposed in the present study with the aim for future property prediction. According to the ASTM standard, fifteen specimens with different parameter combinations were printed using a low-cost FDM 3D printer to evaluate their impact properties. Statistical analysis was performed using MINITAB to validate the experimental data and model development. The experimental outcomes… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multiple Phase Change Materials for Performance Enhancement of a Solar Dryer with Double Pass Collector

    Ahmed J. Hamad, Fawziea M. Hussien, Johain J. Faraj
    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.5, pp. 1483-1497, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.016867
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Energy)
    Abstract The fluctuation in drying temperature influences the food products’ quality and drying time significantly during the drying process using an indirect solar dryer. One of the effective methods to reduce these variations in the temperature is based on thermal storage materials to control the drying temperature. An experimental investigation is presented in this study to evaluate the performance of an indirect solar dryer with air double pass using multiple phase change materials (PCM) as thermal storage materials. Two PCMs with different melting points are used to store the available heat energy during peak sunshine periods and reduce the drying temperature… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Biochemical and Thermal Analysis of Spirulina Biomass through FTIR, TGA, CHN

    Ruma Arora Soni, K. Sudhakar, R. S. Rana
    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.4, pp. 1045-1056, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.016082
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Energy)
    Abstract Spirulina is a sort of algae that grows in both fresh and seawater. It is considered the Earth’s most nutritionally dense food. Certain claims about Spirulina’s beneficial health properties are attributed to the relatively high protein content of the cells. Spirulina’s lipid, fatty acid profile, and biochemical composition have received little attention. The purpose of this study is to investigate the nature and decomposition of spirulina biomass at various temperatures. In the present investigation, Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and elemental analysis were used to study spirulina biomass biochemical characteristics. The optimal content of spirulina protein, lipid, and the… More >

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