Special Issue "Advanced Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Energy"

Submission Deadline: 30 September 2021 (closed)
Guest Editors
Dr K.Sudhakar, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
Dr. S. Shanmuga Priya, Manipal Institute of Technology, India
Dr. Erdem Cuce, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, Turkey

Summary

Energy and Environmental Sustainability is highly desired for the globe due to climate change and associated environmental issues. The study of energy conversion and storage is an essential research field for the sustainable development of humanity, which has attracted the significant attention of worldwide researchers in recent decades. The development of advanced materials to increase energy conversion and utilization is, therefore, becoming imperative. Over the past few decades, these technologies have been fuelled by new materials, advanced devices and novel systems. State-of-the-art research studies to develop novel materials to achieve the commercialization of sustainable energy conversion and storage are very much emphasized. This Special Issue, “Advanced materials and technologies for sustainable energy,” aims to document and report the state-of-the-art research developments, new results, review and case studies of novel nanomaterials and the engineering of the device for efficient and sustainable energy conversion. 

The scope of the Special Issue included but not limited to:

• Phase change materials for energy application;

• Advanced nano-fluids for energy application;

• Advanced materials for energy efficient buildings;

• Materials for energy storage;

• Materials for Hydrogen & Fuel cell;

• Materials for carbon capture;

• Biomaterials;

• Waste materials to fuels;

• Energy, Energy and Environmental analysis of the system.


Keywords
Novel materials, new technologies, Phase change materials, energy storage materials, nano-fluids

Published Papers
  • Effect of Varying Temperature and Oxygen on Particulate Matter Formation in Oxy-Biomass Combustion
  • Abstract Offsetting particulate matter emissions has become a critical global aim as there are concerted efforts to deal with environmental and energy poverty challenges. This study consists of investigations of computing emissions of particulate matter from biomass fuels in various atmospheres and temperatures. The laboratory setup included a fixed bed electric reactor and a particulate matter (PM) measuring machine interfaced with the flue gas from the fixed bed reactor combustion chamber. The experiments were conducted at seven different temperatures (600°C–1200°C) and six incremental oxygen concentrations (21%–100%). Five biomass types were studied; A-cornstalk, B-wood, C-wheat straw, D-Rice husk, E-Peanut shell, each pulverized… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    Effect of Varying Temperature and Oxygen on Particulate Matter Formation in Oxy-Biomass Combustion
  •   Views:440       Downloads:286        Download PDF

  • Effect of Thermal Conductivity of Tube-Wall on Blow-Off Limit of a Micro-Jet Methane Diffusion Flame
  • Abstract The operating range of the flow rate or flow velocity for the micro-jet flame is quite wide, which can be used as the heat source. In order to optimize the micro-jet tube combustor in terms of the solid material, the present paper numerically investigates the impact of thermal conductivity (λs) on the operating limit of micro-jet flame. Unexpectedly, the non-monotonic blow-off limits with the increase of λs is found, and the corresponding generation mechanisms are analyzed in terms of the thermal coupling effect, flow field, and strain effect. At first, the lower preheating temperature of the fuel and larger heat… More
  •   Views:423       Downloads:234        Download PDF

  • Energy and Life Cycle Assessment of Zinc/Water Nanofluid Based Photovoltaic Thermal System
  • Abstract Cooling the PV surface in a Photovoltaic Thermal system is a pivotal operational aspect to be taken into account to achieve optimized values of performance parameters in a Photovoltaic Thermal System. The experimental design used in this study facilitates the flow of varying concentrations of Zn-water nanofluid in serpentine copper tubing installed at the rear of the PV panel thereby preventing the PV surface temperature from increasing beyond the threshold value at which a decrease in electrical efficiency starts to occur. This fusion of solar thermal with PV devices leads to better electrical and thermal efficiency values resulting in decreased… More
  •   Views:427       Downloads:254        Download PDF


  • Effect of Flow Field Geometry on Hydrodynamics of Flow in Redox Flow Battery
  • Abstract This study computationally investigates the hydrodynamics of different serpentine flow field designs for redox flow batteries, which considers the Poiseuille flow in the flow channel and the Darcy flow porous substrate. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) results of the in-house developed code based on Finite Volume Method (FVM) for conventional serpentine flow field (CSFF) agreed well with those obtained via experiment. The deviation for pressure drop was less than 5.1% for all the flow rates, thus proving the present CFD analysis’s validity on the modified variation of serpentine flow fields. Modified serpentine flow field-2 (MSFF2) design provided least pressure drop across… More
  •   Views:454       Downloads:366        Download PDF



  • Statistical Model for Impact and Energy Absorption of 3D Printed Coconut Wood-PLA
  • Abstract Fused deposition modeling (FDM)-3D printing has been the favored technology to build functional components in various industries. The present study investigates infill percentage and infill pattern effects on the printed parts’ impact properties through the 3D printing technique using coconut wood-filled PLA composites. Mathematical models are also proposed in the present study with the aim for future property prediction. According to the ASTM standard, fifteen specimens with different parameter combinations were printed using a low-cost FDM 3D printer to evaluate their impact properties. Statistical analysis was performed using MINITAB to validate the experimental data and model development. The experimental outcomes… More
  •   Views:704       Downloads:624        Download PDF

  • Multiple Phase Change Materials for Performance Enhancement of a Solar Dryer with Double Pass Collector
  • Abstract The fluctuation in drying temperature influences the food products’ quality and drying time significantly during the drying process using an indirect solar dryer. One of the effective methods to reduce these variations in the temperature is based on thermal storage materials to control the drying temperature. An experimental investigation is presented in this study to evaluate the performance of an indirect solar dryer with air double pass using multiple phase change materials (PCM) as thermal storage materials. Two PCMs with different melting points are used to store the available heat energy during peak sunshine periods and reduce the drying temperature… More
  •   Views:836       Downloads:912        Download PDF

  • Biochemical and Thermal Analysis of Spirulina Biomass through FTIR, TGA, CHN
  • Abstract Spirulina is a sort of algae that grows in both fresh and seawater. It is considered the Earth’s most nutritionally dense food. Certain claims about Spirulina’s beneficial health properties are attributed to the relatively high protein content of the cells. Spirulina’s lipid, fatty acid profile, and biochemical composition have received little attention. The purpose of this study is to investigate the nature and decomposition of spirulina biomass at various temperatures. In the present investigation, Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and elemental analysis were used to study spirulina biomass biochemical characteristics. The optimal content of spirulina protein, lipid, and the… More
  •   Views:865       Downloads:985        Download PDF