Open Access


HCl-Induced Hg0 Transformation over CuMn2O4 Sorbent

Aijia Zhang, Yingju Yang, Jing Liu*, Junyan Ding
State Key Laboratory of Coal Combustion, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, China
* Corresponding Author: Jing Liu. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advancement of Understanding of PM2.5 and Hg Emissions and Their Control Technologies for Cleaner Combustion)

Energy Engineering 2022, 119(2), 499-510.

Received 23 December 2020; Accepted 21 May 2021; Issue published 24 January 2022


CuMn2O4 spinel has been regarded as a highly efficient sorbent for Hg0 capture from flue gas. The regenerability and recyclability of CuMn2O4 sorbent are mainly associated with the mercury speciation adsorbed on its surface. However, the effect mechanism of HCl on Hg0 transformation over CuMn2O4 sorbent is still elusive. Experiments were conducted to understand the effect of HCl on Hg0 transformation over CuMn2O4 sorbent. The results indicate that CuMn2O4 sorbent is a mesoporous material and possesses a good thermal stability. CuMn2O4 shows >95% Hg0 removal efficiency in a wide temperature window of 50–350°C. The favorable electron-transfer environment caused by the mixed valence states of Cu and Mn cations is responsible for the excellent Hg0 removal performance of CuMn2O4 sorbent. CuMn2O4 shows a higher Hg0 adsorption capacity of 4774.57 μg/g. Hg0 adsorption process over CuMn2O4 sorbent can be well described by the developed kinetic model. Hg0 removal efficiency of CuMn2O4 sorbent does not depend on the presence of HCl. Mercury species adsorbed on the CuMn2O4 sorbent in the presence of HCl mainly exist in the forms of HgO and HgCl2O8 · H2O. HCl shows a significant effect on mercury speciation over CuMn2O4 sorbent. Most of HgO species will be transformed into HgCl2O8 · H2O in the presence of HCl.


CuMn2O4; mercury; HCl; sorbent; electron transfer

Cite This Article

Zhang, A., Yang, Y., Liu, J., Ding, J. (2022). HCl-Induced Hg0 Transformation over CuMn2O4 Sorbent. Energy Engineering, 119(2), 499–510.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 762


  • 348


  • 0


Share Link

WeChat scan