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Management of Peak Loads in an Emerging Electricity Market

Edwin N. Mbinkar1,*, Derek Ajesam Asoh1,2,3, Jerome Ndam Mungwe3, Livinus Songyuh4, Emmanuel Lamfu5

1 Laboratoire de Génie Electrique, Mécatronique et Traitement du Signal, ENSPY, Université de Yaoundé I, Yaounde, Cameroun
2 Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, National Higher Polytechnic Institute (NAHPI), University of Bamenda, Bamenda, Cameroon
3 Department of Electrical and Power Engineering, Higher Technical Teacher Training College (HTTTC), University of Bamenda, Bamenda, Cameroon
4 Mekin Hydroelectric Development Corporation, Meyomessala, Cameroon
5 ENEO Cameroun S.A., Douala, Cameroon

* Corresponding Author: Edwin N. Mbinkar. Email: email

Energy Engineering 2022, 119(6), 2637-2654. https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2022.023419

Abstract

An electricity market is a trading platform provided by the actors in the electricity sector to sell and buy electricity while maintaining the stability of the transmission network and minimizing energy losses. The management of electrical energy for rational use consists of all the operations that the consumers can carry out in order to minimize their electricity bill, while the producers optimize their benefits and the transmission infrastructure. The reduction of active and reactive power consumption and the smoothing of daily and yearly load profiles are the main objectives in this work. Many developed countries already have properly functioning electricity markets, but developing countries are still in their infancy of deregulated electricity markets. The major tools used in smoothing the load profiles include decentralized generation, energy storage and demand response. A load power smoothing control strategy is proposed to smooth the load power fluctuations of the distribution network. The required power change is determined by evaluating the power fluctuation rate of the load, and then the required power change is allocated to some generators or to some stored reserves. Otherwise, the consumers are made to curtail their power consumption. The ideas proposed in this work provide important opportunities for energy policy makers and regulators. These ideas would only be feasible if there exists real-time communication among the actors in the electricity market. The results indicate that as much as 1100 Megawatt-hours of energy can be stored for smoothing the load profile, when applied to the Southern Interconnected Grid of the Cameroon power system; and that Time of Use (TOU) pricing could be used instead of rotating blackouts in case of energy shortage.

Graphical Abstract

Management of Peak Loads in an Emerging Electricity Market

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APA Style
Mbinkar, E.N., Asoh, D.A., Mungwe, J.N., Songyuh, L., Lamfu, E. (2022). Management of peak loads in an emerging electricity market. Energy Engineering, 119(6), 2637-2654. https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2022.023419
Vancouver Style
Mbinkar EN, Asoh DA, Mungwe JN, Songyuh L, Lamfu E. Management of peak loads in an emerging electricity market. Energ Eng. 2022;119(6):2637-2654 https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2022.023419
IEEE Style
E.N. Mbinkar, D.A. Asoh, J.N. Mungwe, L. Songyuh, and E. Lamfu "Management of Peak Loads in an Emerging Electricity Market," Energ. Eng., vol. 119, no. 6, pp. 2637-2654. 2022. https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2022.023419



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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