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Surface Morphology and Thermo-Electrical Energy Analysis of Polyaniline (PANI) Incorporated Cotton Fabric

Md. Shohan Parvez1,2, Md. Mustafizur Rahman1,3,*, Mahendran Samykano1, Mohammad Yeakub Ali4

1 Automotive Engineering Research Group, Faculty of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang Al-Sultan Abdullah, Pekan, Malaysia
2 Department of Textile Engineering, Khulna University of Engineering & Technology (KUET), Khulna, Bangladesh
3 Centre for Research in Advanced Fluid and Processes (CARIFF), Universiti Malaysia Pahang Al-Sultan Abdullah, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, Gambang, Malaysia
4 Mechanical Engineering Programme Area, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Brunei, Brunei, Darussalam

* Corresponding Author: Md. Mustafizur Rahman. Email: email

Energy Engineering 2024, 121(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2023.027472

Abstract

With the exponential development in wearable electronics, a significant paradigm shift is observed from rigid electronics to flexible wearable devices. Polyaniline (PANI) is considered as a dominant material in this sector, as it is endowed with the optical properties of both metal and semiconductors. However, its widespread application got delineated because of its irregular rigid form, level of conductivity, and precise choice of solvents. Incorporating PANI in textile materials can generate promising functionality for wearable applications. This research work employed a straightforward in-situ chemical oxidative polymerization to synthesize PANI on Cotton fabric surfaces with varying dopant (HCl) concentrations. Pre-treatment using NaOH is implemented to improve the conductivity of the fabric surface by increasing the monomer absorption. This research explores the morphological and structural analysis employing SEM, FTIR and EDX. The surface resistivity was measured using a digital multimeter, and thermal stability is measured using TGA. Upon successful polymerization, a homogenous coating layer is observed. It is revealed that the simple pre-treatment technique significantly reduces the surface resistivity of Cotton fabric to 1.27 kΩ/cm with increasing acid concentration and thermal stability. The electro-thermal energy can also reach up to 38.2°C within 50 s with a deployed voltage of 15 V. The modified fabric is anticipated to be used in thermal regulation, supercapacitor, sensor, UV shielding, antimicrobial and other prospective functional applications.

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APA Style
Parvez, M.S., Rahman, M.M., Samykano, M., Ali, M.Y. (2024). Surface morphology and thermo-electrical energy analysis of polyaniline (PANI) incorporated cotton fabric. Energy Engineering, 121(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2023.027472
Vancouver Style
Parvez MS, Rahman MM, Samykano M, Ali MY. Surface morphology and thermo-electrical energy analysis of polyaniline (PANI) incorporated cotton fabric. Energ Eng. 2024;121(1):1-12 https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2023.027472
IEEE Style
M.S. Parvez, M.M. Rahman, M. Samykano, and M.Y. Ali "Surface Morphology and Thermo-Electrical Energy Analysis of Polyaniline (PANI) Incorporated Cotton Fabric," Energ. Eng., vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 1-12. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2023.027472



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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